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140 Possible Causes for Iridodonesis, Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence, Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals

  • Marfan Syndrome

    Kyphosis/scoliosis is present in about half of all affected individuals. It begins as early as infancy, is progressive, and causes the greatest morbidity in CCA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ocular system Findings include ectopia lentis (subluxation or upward dislocation of the lens) and iridodonesis (tremulousness of the iris).[merckmanuals.com] Kyphosis/scoliosis, present in approximately half of all affected individuals, begins as early as infancy and is progressive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence
  • Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

    Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) can be useful in cases of iridodonesis and subluxation of the lens. Gonioscopy is an essential examination needed for PEX diagnosis.[symptoma.com] As the eye is usually dilated for examination, iridodonesis is usually not apparent if there is lens subluxation. Questions: 1.[mrcophth.com] Zonular integrity should be evaluated preoperatively at the slit lamp by looking for the presence of phacodonesis or iridodonesis.[tmj.ro]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Eyeball Injury

    An extreme eye injury can cause a globe rupture where the eyeball can split open. This can be due to trauma directly on the eye or around the eye. Watch this episode of A State of Sight with Isaac Porter, MD to learn more about this injury and the eye surgery options to help save the eye and restore vision.[…][eyeporter.com]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Ectopia Lentis

    Trembling of the iris (iridodonesis) Trembling of the lens (phacodonesis) Aphakic crescent Mild conjunctival redness Vitreous humour degeneration Prolapse of the vitreous[premilife.com] If the eye is not dilated, look for iridodonesis (abnormal tremor of the iris), phacodonesis (abnormal movement of the lens), deep anterior chamber depth or vitreous herniation[mrcophth.com] L21) See corectopia ; iridodonesis ; pupillary block . Fig.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Lens Dislocation

    Iridodonesis is usually present.[ikeyes.blogspot.com] L21) See corectopia ; iridodonesis ; pupillary block. Fig.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] In the setting of lens dislocation, the patient may have trembling or shimmering of either the lens or iris, phakodenesis or iridodonesis, respectively.[tamingthesru.com]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Keratoglobus

    Associated findings include anterior megalophthalmos, enlarged ciliary ring with zonular stretching (leading to phacodonesis), ectopia lentis, iridodonesis, iris stromal hypoplasia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Iridodonesis was noted in left eye.[mendeley.com]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Phthisis Bulbi

    […] rotated and the pigment faces forwards. 7) Retro flexion of the iris: the iris is driven backwards and is incarcerated between the lens equator and the ciliary body. 8) Iridodonesis[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence Present in Infancy in all Affected Individuals
  • Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly

    Kyphosis/scoliosis is present in about half of all affected individuals. It begins as early as infancy, is progressive, and causes the greatest morbidity in CCA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition to the arachnodactyly the infant had dolichostenomelia, iridodonesis, and mitral and tricuspid incompetence.[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Huggon IC et. al. (1990) Contractural arachnodactyly with mitral regurgitation and iridodonesis. [ ] 14.[moldiag.com]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence
  • Homocystinuria

    Affected individuals may be impacted in all four areas or just in one. Clinical presentations can occur from infancy through adulthood.[invitae.com] Affected individuals also usually develop severe nearsightedness (myopia) and quivering of the colored portion of the eye (iridodonesis).[rarediseases.org] Other ocular signs include progressive myopia, strabismus, iridodonesis, cataract, iris atrophy, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, optic atrophy, anterior[eyerounds.org]

    Missing: Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence
  • Cystitis

    In most (not all) affected individuals, cortical and cerebellar malformations are present and are associated with severe developmental delays, seizures, and neurologic regression[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They may have other evidence of a generalized connective disorder, including enlarged anterior fontanelle in infancy, congenital dislocation of the hips, inguinal hernias,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Iridodonesis Nystagmus Decreases on Convergence