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164 Possible Causes for Irregular Menstruation, Small Ovaries

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    In order to get a diagnosis, one must have two out of the three of the following conditions: Elevated androgen levels, absent or irregular menstruation, and/or 12 or more[bustle.com] Instead, they stay in the ovaries with a small amount of fluid (cyst) around them. There can be many of these.[nlm.nih.gov] Lack of ovulation or irregular ovulation often resulting in irregular or absent menstruation.[healthywomen.org]

  • Menopause

    […] or heavy menstruation Weight gain Hair loss Food cravings Fuzzy thinking or forgetfulness Learn how to manage menopausal symptoms.[cancer.net] Oestrogen is mainly produced by the ovaries, though small amounts are also made by the adrenal glands and by the placenta of a pregnant woman.[womens-health-concern.org] Once the ovaries cease the production of hormones entirely, small amounts of oestrogen and progesterone are supposed to be made by the adrenal glands, which act to protect[thisnzlife.co.nz]

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Signs and symptoms, when present, may include lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, fever, burning with urination, pain with sex, bleeding after sex, or irregular menstruation[en.wikipedia.org] At their ends, the fallopian tubes have small delicate finger-like projections (fimbriae) that draw close to, envelop, and “pick-up” the egg from the ovary at the time of[haveababy.com] menstruation.[symptoma.com]

  • Endometriosis

    menstruation and urinary frequency.[symptoma.com] Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial cells become attached to tissues surrounding the uterus, such as the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, or the large or small[msdmanuals.com] It appears as small blackish-blue nodules on the external lining of the ovaries or elsewhere in the pelvis.[netdoctor.co.uk]

  • Uterine Fibroid

    As they grow they may cause pressure on neighboring organs, painful menstruation, profuse and irregular menstrual bleeding, vaginal discharge, or frequent urination, as well[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This allows the doctor to see inside the abdomen to look at the uterus, ovaries and pelvic area.[health.ny.gov] If these are small then the vaginal route is appropriate but if they are large (especially if intraligamentous) then laparotomy is indicated with preservation of ovaries if[patient.info]

  • Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary

    They occur in about 50 percent of women with irregular menstruation and in about 30 percent of women with regular menstruation.[cancer.coloradowomenshealth.com] […] and small bowel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] : commonest malignant sex cord tumor juvenile granulosa cell tumor of ovary adult granulosa cell tumor of ovary small cell carcinoma of the ovary 15 Mixed These are uncommon[radiopaedia.org]

  • Metastatic Ovarian Carcinoma

    Primary ovarian mucinous tumours Mucinous tumours metastatic to ovary usually large ( 15 cm) often small ( unilateral, multicystic with a smooth capsule bilateral, forming[e-immunohistochemistry.info] Her-2/neu overexpression was only noted in a small proportion of primary and metastatic ovarian carcinomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The initial pathology was misleading since the patient did have a low grade, localized mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the right ovary.[arizona.pure.elsevier.com]

  • Ectopic Pregnancy

    Symptoms and Complications Irregular vaginal bleeding or a missed period can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy, although some women with an ectopic pregnancy continue to menstruate[medbroadcast.com] She felt tenderness in an abdominal examination and had a small amount of vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If a mass is palpable, it is most likely a corpus luteum on the ovary. The ectopic pregnancy is usually too small, tender, and soft to be palpable.[ectopicpregnancy.co.uk]

  • Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

    "A case of small cell carcinoma of the ovary hypercalcemic variant in a teenager" .[en.wikipedia.org] A laparoscope is passed into the abdomen through a small cut (incision) in the skin. The ovaries and other internal organs can be seen.[patient.info] Small Cell and Neuroendocrine Cancers of the Ovary . John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp. 139–147. doi : 10.1002/9781118655344.ch12 .[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Ovarian Cyst

    menstruation Abdominal swelling or unusual increased abdominal girth Abdominal pain in patients taking blood thinners such as warfarin ( Coumadin ) Increased facial hair[emedicinehealth.com] They are part of the ovulation process, starting as small egg follicles. On ultrasound, egg follicles look like small dark circles in the ovary.[trmbaby.com] An increase in the need to urinate Excessive bleeding during menstruation Irregular periods Unexplained weight gain Increase in the rate of hair growth Absence of menstrual[beatsofhealth.com]

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