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641 Possible Causes for Joint Effusion

  • Arthritis

    Abstract Point-of-care musculoskeletal ultrasound can provide information about joint effusions and the quality of the effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On October 25, the patient had a high fever, swelling, and pain in the large joints of the limbs, and joint effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] space, compared with osteoarthritis (OA) where there is a tendency for superior loss of joint space acetabular protrusio Knee joint effusion typically involves the lateral[radiopaedia.org]

  • Osteoarthritis

    […] subchondral cyst formation and joint effusion.[merckmanuals.com] Small joint effusions are not uncommon in osteoarthritic joints. Chondrocalcinosis and periarticular calcium hydroxyapatite deposition may also be seen.[emedicine.com] effusions.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Gout

    Joints joint effusion (earliest sign) preservation of joint space until late stages of the disease an absence of periarticular osteopenia eccentric erosions the typical appearance[radiopaedia.org] The affected joint becomes swollen. The medical term for excessive fluid in a joint is a "joint effusion." Gout frequently involves joints in the lower extremities.[medicinenet.com] Arthrosis-induced effusion Chondrocalcinosis Purulent knee joint infection Gout attack Rheumatoid arthritis[lecturio.com]

  • Gouty Arthritis

    MRI revealed capsular thickening in 19 patients, bone marrow edema (BME) in 15, soft tissue edema (STE) in 20, joint effusion in 21, bone erosions in 17, cartilaginous erosions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The early radiological signs of gout are joint effusion and periarticular edema, caused by the deposition of the nonopaque crystals within the synovial and cartilaginous tissues[appliedradiology.com] It often presents with painful joint effusion and commonly is diagnosed either by clinical examination, elevated serum uric acid level or cytological examination of an effusion[omicsonline.org]

  • Polyarthritis

    Frequent complaints are: Tenderness Arthralgia Joint swelling Joint effusion Joint deformity Stiffness Reduced motion range Crepitation Affected joints may be in close proximity[symptoma.com] […] in both wrists, both ankles, interphalangeal joints in both hands and feet, and in both knees.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both knees had painless small effusions. Other joints showed no signs of inflammation and no nodules were palpated.[ard.bmj.com]

  • Torn Meniscus

    On examination, there may be joint effusion, joint line tenderness, and the joint is held in a flexed position. 1 in late presentations, there may be significant quadriceps[racgp.org.au] With a symptomatic meniscus tear, you will likely have swelling in your knee (effusion) and tenderness along the joint line when the doctor presses on the meniscus (palpation[ortho.ucla.edu] Knee effusion can be a result from osteoarthritis, causing fluid to accumulate within the joint.[healdove.com]

  • Pseudogout

    Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and aspiration of the joint effusion had not been effective.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: An axial magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated joint effusion at the level of the bilateral L4-L5 facet joint.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Symptomatic knee joint effusion is frequently observed after hip fracture, which may lead to postoperative knee pain during rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    […] space, compared with osteoarthritis (OA) where there is a tendency for superior loss of joint space acetabular protrusio Knee joint effusion typically involves the lateral[radiopaedia.org] […] active synovitis, tenderness, swelling, or joint effusions Elevated ESR or CRP Positive for anti-CCP High level of medication use, including corticosteroids, used to treat[arthritis.about.com] There may be fluid in the joint (an effusion). • Fatigue; most people have little energy, feel ill and often describe flu-like symptoms. • One of the most important pointers[nras.org.uk]

  • Erythema Nodosum

    Erythema, swelling, and tenderness occur over the joint, sometimes with effusions. Joint tenderness and morning stiffness may occur.[emedicine.medscape.com] X-rays of the joints are generally normal, showing no bony deformities or effusions.[symptoma.com] Erythema, swelling, and tenderness of any joint, sometimes with effusions, may occur. Ankles, knees, and wrist are the most common sites.[symptoma.com]

  • Bacterial Arthritis

    In a prospective diagnostic study, 102 consecutive patients with atraumatic joint effusion were included.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiograph x-rays may be normal in the very early stage of the disease joint effusion may be seen juxta-articular osteoporosis due to hyperemia narrowing of the joint space[radiopaedia.org] Ultrasonography is useful in confirming a joint effusion in a deeply placed joint such as the hip. It can also be used to guide joint aspiration.[emedicine.com]

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