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266 Possible Causes for Jugular Venous Distention

  • Hyponatremia

    Signs of hypervolaemia - pulmonary rales, S3 gallop (third heart sound), jugular venous distention, peripheral oedema, ascites.[]

  • Heart Failure

    Proper evaluation of the patient’s history as well as physical checks for signs of congestion such as jugular venous distention can bring about the underlying cardiac abnormality[] Systemic venous hypertension is manifested by jugular venous distention.[] Jugular venous distention is not a reliable indicator of systemic venous congestion in infants, because the jugular veins are difficult to observe.[]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Head and Neck: Jugular venous distention may be evident due to the increased a cardiac compliance.[] venous distention and crackles in the lungs are usually (but not always) present; peripheral edema also may be present.[] venous distention; hypotension; rapid, deep respirations; pulmonary crackles; venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) less than 60%; cyanosis; urine output less than 20 mL/hour;[]

  • Pleural Effusion

    The presented chest X-ray depicts the thoracic duct anatomy of a 50-year-old man who underwent heart transplantation. His postoperative course was complicated by Candida mediastinitis, treated with débridements and closure of the anterior chest wound with myocutaneous flaps. Postoperatively, he had persistent[…][]

  • Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most commonly occurring type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which may be found at various extranodal sites. The nose is not a common site for DLBCL as compared with natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, and synchronous pulmonary involvement is even rarer. We report a case of[…][]

  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

    Jugular venous distention may occur; severe TR may cause abdominal distension, hepatic enlargement, and peripheral edema.[] Physical Examination Findings on cardiovascular examination in patients with tricuspid regurgitation include the following: S 3 gallop Jugular venous distention with a prominent[] The physical examination was significant for jugular venous distention, Grade II/VI holosystolic murmur at the left sternal border, and lower extremity 2 edema.[]

  • Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious disorder with a high morbidity and mortality rate, is known to occur in a number of unrelated systemic diseases. β-Thalassaemia, among other haematological disorders, develop PH which is not an infrequent finding and worsens the prognosis. Haemolysis, iron overload and[…][]

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Definition Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the white blood cells in the bone marrow. The white blood cells (lymphocytes) grow in the bone marrow, then travel throughout the body to fight infections. ALL also causes the bone marrow to make too many of these cells. The overgrowth makes it difficult[…][]

  • Hypogammaglobulinemia

    Hepatic vein stenosis is a vascular complication that can lead to graft loss after liver transplantation. Although ascites frequently occurs as a symptom of hepatic vein stenosis, the development of severe hypogammaglobulinemia associated with hepatic vein stenosis has not been reported in the literature. An[…][]

  • Jugular Venous Distention

    Jugular venous distention, however, can be difficult to assess in patients.[] Interpretation: Distance between JVP and Sternum Normal: 4 cm or less Increased 4 cm (Jugular Venous Distention) Right-sided Heart Failure (most common) Increased Right Atrial[] During induction of general anesthesia in a supine position, bilateral external jugular venous distention was remarkable.[]

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