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220 Possible Causes for Kernig's Sign

  • Meningitis

    Kernig's sign.[dx.doi.org] Seven patients had Kernig's sign but did not have Brudzinski's sign; 7 patients had Brudzinski's sign but did not have Kernig's sign; and 4 patients had both meningeal signs[dx.doi.org] Diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's and Brudzinski's sign .[dx.doi.org]

  • Otitis Media

    Intracranial complications Meningitis – Sepsis, headache, vomiting, neck rigidity, photophobia and positive Kernig’s sign (pain on meningeal stretch eg chin to chest or straight[entsho.com]

  • Meningism

    The main clinical signs that indicate meningism are nuchal rigidity, Kernig's sign and Brudzinski's signs.[en.wikipedia.org] Kernig's sign.[doi.org] Related clinical signs include Kernig's sign and three signs all named Brudzinski's sign.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Examination maneuvers such as Kernig sign or Brudzinski sign may not be useful to differentiate bacterial from aseptic meningitis because of variable sensitivity and specificity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The classic signs of meningitis upon physical examination include neck stiffness, Kernig’s sign and Brudzinski’s sign.[symptoma.com] Flexion of the neck may also cause reflex flexion of the legs (Brudzinski sign), and meningeal irritation may limit extension of the leg when flexed at the knee (Kernig sign[qiagen.com]

  • Viral Meningitis

    Inability to straighten the knee when the hip is flexed (a positive kernig's sign ) and involuntary flexing of the hip and knee when the neck is flexed forward (a positive[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The attending notes that Kernig's sign is positive and also notes that when Todd is asked to lift his head off the table he involuntary lifts his legs as well.[coursera.org] One of the physically demonstrable symptoms of meningitis is Kernig's sign.[mountsinai.org]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    Neck rigidity was not obvious but kernig’s sign was positive.[jpma.org.pk] In addition, he had neck stiffness and Kernig sign was positive. A clinical diagnosis of CST with meningitis and cerebritis/ arteritis was considered.[ijmm.org] Kernig's sign (pain and resistance on passive knee extension with hips fully flexed). Brudzinski's sign (hips flex on bending the head forward).[patient.info]

  • Echovirus Meningitis

    The second phase is characterized by signs of meningism, namely headache, neck stiffness, photophobia, as well as positive Kernig's and Brudinski's signs; these signs are[symptoma.com] Kernig's sign (pain and resistance on passive knee extension with hips fully flexed). Brudzinski's sign (hips flex on bending the head forward).[patient.info] Only about one third of patients demonstrate Kernig and Brudzinski signs.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Kernig and Brudzinski signs may be difficult to judge in irritable infants.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of meningococcal septicaemia Kernig's sign: hip flexion with an extended knee causes pain in the back and legs CSF shunts, spinal and cranial abnormalities (eg dermal sinuses[rch.org.au] Signs suggestive of meningeal pathology Meningeal signs that may be found in children include nuchal rigidity to passive flexion and the signs of Kernig or Brudzinski.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Coxsackie Meningitis

    Clinical examination revealed neck stiffness and positive Kernig and Brudzinski signs. The remaining examination was noncontributory.[journals.lww.com] The Kernig and Brudzinski signs may or may not be elicited. Leukocyte count is normal.[atsu.edu]

  • Mollaret's Meningitis

    Symptoms are headache, recurrent hyperthermia, nausea, vomiting, neck rigidity, malaise, myalgia, and positive Kernig and Brudzinski signs.[whonamedit.com] On her current admission, she had no focal neurological signs apart from nuchal rigidity. Kernig's sign was elicited.[ispub.com] - A dictionary of medical eponyms Related people Pierre Mollaret A form of meningitis which manifests with sudden attack of fever and meningeal signs with an increased CSF[whonamedit.com]

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