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433 Possible Causes for Kyphoscoliosis, Restrictive Lung Disease

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    Respiratory Restrictive lung disease is common in MPS I, and pulmonary function testing usually demonstrates diminished lung volumes.[] The unique skeletal features are distinguished by a disproportional short stature, odontoid hypoplasia, spinal cord compression, tracheal obstruction, pectus carinatum, kyphoscoliosis[] An 8-year-old boy with Morquio syndrome and severe kyphoscoliosis. Courtesy of Dennis P. Grogan, MD.[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 6

    Patients are typically susceptible to developing obstructive and restrictive lung disease which are accompanied by complications such as recurrent pneumonia and obstructive[] Obstructive and restrictive lung disease can cause breathlessness, reduced endurance, recurrent episodes of pneumonia, and/or sleep apnea.[] […] hepatosplenomegaly [] Major skeletal abnormalities include hypoplastic bones, hip dysplasia, pectus carinatum, genu valgum , and kyphoscoliosis[]

  • Restrictive Lung Disease

    Restrictive lung diseases are a category of extrapulmonary, pleural, or parenchymal respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion, resulting in a decreased lung volume[] The incidence of kyphoscoliosis in pregnancy is relatively high. Premature birth rates are higher than that in the normal population.[] We reviewed 15 pregnancies in 12 women with restrictive disease due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular disease, or parenchymal lung disease.[]

  • Osteoporosis

    Compression deformities can lead to restrictive lung disease, abdominal pain, and early satiety.[] Multiple fractures of the spine can cause loss of height and significant spinal deformities and patients may develop marked abnormal curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis[] Infants with perinatal hypophosphatasia may experience pulmonary insufficiency; restrictive lung disease is the most frequent cause of death.[]

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Moreover, they may eventually present with the following comorbidities and sequelae: Respiratory insufficiency due to restrictive lung disease: Reduced tolerance to exercise[] Kyphoscoliosis Kyphoscoliosis in a 10-year-old girl with HSANIII.[] Decreased RV and TLC Kyphoscoliosis is a restrictive lung disease. There is decrease in residual volume and total lung capacity.[]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] life, and affected individuals are at high risks of restrictive lung disease and orthopedic deformities.[] Children born with CMD often have muscle weakness or ’floppiness’ and can also have stiffness of the joints, hip dislocation and a type of curvature of the spine known as ’kyphoscoliosis[] Persons with UCMD commonly experience muscle weakness, kyphoscoliosis, hip dislocation at birth, prominent heel bones, hyper-pigmented skin lesions, hyper-extensible finger[]

  • Pulmonary Disorder

    Restrictive lung diseases (or restrictive ventilatory defects [1] ) are a category of extrapulmonary, pleural, or parenchymal respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion[] […] deformities , such as pectus excavatum (a sternal depression usually beginning over the midportion of the manubrium and progressing inward through the xiphoid process) and kyphoscoliosis[] The most common cause of secondary kyphoscoliosis is neuromuscular disease (eg, polio, muscular dystrophy).[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 4A

    Restrictive lung disease is managed by supportive treatment.[] There is evidence of kyphoscoliosis and central beaking. This can be distinguished from the ovoid vertebral bodiesof Hurler’s syndrome and other mucopolysaccharidoses.[] Marked dwarfism, abnormal curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis), and decreased tone and weakness are prominent early childhood presentations.[]

  • Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

    The lifespan of affected people can be decreased, due to heart involvement and/or the potential for restrictive lung disease caused by severe kyphoscoliosis ( kyphosis and[] […] develop kyphoscoliosis later in infancy.[] We recently identified a 42-year-old man with severe kyphoscoliosis, restrictive/obstructive lung disease, short stature, mild hearing loss, decreased muscle mass, and a dissection[]

  • Senile Osteoporosis

    A person who has senile osteoporosis is also more likely to develop lung diseases, related to poor ventilation and immobility.[] Compression deformities can lead to restrictive lung disease, abdominal pain, and early satiety.[] With structural changes and discomfort, breathing may be restricted.[]

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