Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) ,colloquially referred to as a heart attack, is an irreversible death of a myocardial segment sequel to persistent occlusion and inadequacy of coronary blood flow to the heart. AMI typically presents with central chest pain which may radiate to the neck, left arm, jaw, and shoulders.…
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease consisting of progressive demyelination of the peripheral and central nervous systems. In most patients, it is attributed to a mutation in the arylsulfatase A (ARSA) gene, which in turn hinders the production of arysulfatase A. This…
Mesenteric vein thrombosis is a potentially life-threatening vascular disorder of the mesenteric venous system, which can arise due to numerous genetic, circulatory, neoplastic, infectious or iatrogenic conditions. Both acute and chronic forms have been described in the literature. Imaging studies, primarily…
Septic shock is a form of shock associated with overwhelming infection, usually by gram-negative bacteria, although it may be caused by other bacteria, viruses or fungi. It is marked by hypotension, oliguria, tachycardia and confusion.
The signs and symptoms of shock include Hypotension (systolic blood pressure below…
Cardiac arrest is a medical term that refers to the mechanical cessation of the heart resulting to the absence of circulating blood in the system. The cessation of blood flow to the vital organs of the body results in death if left untreated. Sudden cardiac arrest refers to the abrupt cessation of cardiac…
Cardiogenic shock is a condition of inadequate tissue perfusion due to decreased cardiac output. It is a frequently fatal complication of a variety of disorders, occurring most commonly following acute myocardial infarction.
Cardiogenic shock patients are brought to the emergency room presenting with a spectrum of…
MELAS syndrome is an encephalomyopathy triggered by genetic disorders of the mitochondrial DNA. In this line, MELAS is the abbreviation for the most common symptoms: myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes.
MELAS patients usually don't seek medical attention before experiencing seizures or…
Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema.
Diagnosing preeclampsia may be a little difficult as the mild to moderate forms may be asymptomatic and hence, most cases are detected through routine prenatal check-ups. A patient suffering from preeclampsia may…