9,164 Possible Causes for Lactate/Pyruvate Ratio Increased

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    There was an increase in adverse effects in the studies of antibiotics for acute purulent rhinitis ( RR 1.46, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.94).[cochrane.org] Cough relief Cough suppression may increase comfort when cough is severe or when it prevents sleep. [ 45 ] As stated earlier, the risk-to-benefit ratio for using cough and[emedicine.medscape.com] OM, 1.38 for middle ear effusion while odds ratios for AOM range from 1.0 to 1.652.[bmb.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    In the multivariate model, bacteraemia (odds ratio 6.7 (95% CI 2.5-17.8 p 5 .[wellcomeopenresearch.org] The regression coefficients reflect an incidence rate ratio (IRR).[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Sex distribution AGE was more common in boys than girls with the ratio of 1.2:1, a finding which is similar to that reported by Srivastava et al. [ 5 ] and Behera et al. [[omicsonline.org]

  • Insect Bite

    The swollen area may increase in size for two to three days after a bee sting or mosquito bite.[familymedicineassociates.com] The potential of greater DEET toxicity in children has been a concern because their thinner skin and greater body surface area-to-weight ratio theoretically could enhance[travmed.com] The signs of infection include, but are not limited to, increasing redness, pain, swelling and heat to the site.[familymedicineassociates.com]

  • Lactic Acidosis

    Altered metabolism of pyruvate is central to the development of lactic acidosis and hyperlactatemia.[annals.org] Diagnostic Accuracy of Blood Lactate-to-Pyruvate Molar Ratio in the Differential Diagnosis of Congenital Lactic Acidosis.[labtestsonline.org] Since increased lactate production coincides with acidosis, lactate measurement is an excellent ‘indirect’ marker for the metabolic condition of the cell.[unm.edu]

  • Leigh's Disease

    CNS examination showed increased tone in the lower limbs.[ijponline.biomedcentral.com] Lactate levels are constantly increased in cerebrospinal fluid, and often in the blood.[orpha.net] Laboratory analysis shows metabolic acidosis with elevated blood, CSF lactate, and pyruvate concentrations [3] .[ijri.org]

  • Panic Attacks

    When sodium lactate or carbon dioxide levels increase, the brain mistakenly believes you are suffocating and sends signals to increase your breathing rate to get more oxygen[health.howstuffworks.com] The lactate model focuses on symptom production by postulated aberrant metabolic activity induced by lactate.[emedicine.medscape.com] One hypothesis is that sodium lactate stimulates the amygdala and causes panic attacks.[minddisorders.com]

  • Viral Lower Respiratory Infection

    Controls and CF infants each had a mean of 5.3 acute respiratory illnesses; CF infants were four times more likely to develop an LRTI compared with controls (odds ratio, 4.6[pediatrics.aappublications.org] FLU A infection was not associated with increased risk of LRTIs among hospitalised ARI patients even after adjusting for other viruses (adjusted risk ratio 0.77, 95% CI 0.56[erj.ersjournals.com] […] forced vital capacity ratio 29 ].[karger.com]

  • Influenza

    In pregnant women there is a slight increase in perinatal mortality rate as well as early and late fetal deaths.[patient.info] In an average year, there are 50-200 GP consultations for influenza or flu-like illnesses per 100,000 population per week. [ 3 ] It is highly infectious with a ratio of infections[patient.info] Complications Respiratory complications include: Acute bronchitis (about 20% of cases, with increased risk in the elderly and those with chronic disease).[patient.info]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Increasing rates of antibiotic resistance ( 9 – 12 ) and other adverse effects from antibiotic exposure make this approach important to consider.[ajcn.nutrition.org] This combination is 85% sensitive and 99% specific, with a positive likelihood ratio of 85 and negative likelihood ratio of 0.1.[clinicaladvisor.com] The UTI incidence ratio in middle-aged women to men is 30:1; yet, during later decades of life, the ratio of infection in women to men with bacteriuria progressively decreases[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

    The more common symptoms include variable degrees of jaundice (a yellowish pigment of the skin), slightly to moderately enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), and increased incidence[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Her LDH and haptoglobin are normal, though reticulocyte count is increased.[medbullets.com] An increase in the percentage of reticulocytes (reticulocytosis) is an important sign in any patient suffering anemia.[themedicalbiochemistrypage.org]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms