518 Possible Causes for Large Bowel Obstruction

  • Fecal Impaction

    ( No large bowel obstruction, perf, and no megacolon).[forums.studentdoctor.net] Lower GI endoscopy, performed when an empty rectal vault and a distended proximal colon suggest the presence of a large bowel obstruction.[symptoma.com] Large bowel obstruction was diagnosed. In view of the fact that she was febrile and hypotensive, intravenous fluid was commenced and antibiotics administered.[imagejournals.org]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    Large bowel volvulus accounts for 5% of all large bowel obstructions, with 60% of intestinal volvulus involving the sigmoid colon 6 .[radiopaedia.org] These changes frequently lead to the large bowel obstruction.[mddk.com] False-positive findings may involve other forms of volvulus or obstruction and causes of large-bowel ischemia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cecal Volvulus

    The etiology, diagnosis, and management guidelines of this infrequent cause of large bowel obstruction are reviewed.[jocmr.org] Although the worldwide incidence of acute appendicitis is 7% to 12%, (1) and cecal volvulus causes 5% of large bowel obstructions, we found no concurrent cases in English[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] for approximately 5% of all cases of intestinal obstruction and 10-15% of all cases of large-bowel obstruction.[thehealthscience.com]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Home / Health Library / Disease & Conditions / Large Bowel (Intestinal) Obstruction Large bowel (intestinal) obstruction occurs when there is a blockage in the large bowel[my.clevelandclinic.org] The sigmoid colon is the most common site of volvulus and accounts for 5% of large bowel obstruction.[patient.info] Mechanical obstruction is divided into obstruction of the small bowel (including the duodenum) and obstruction of the large bowel.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Colonic Lymphoma

    Large bowel obstruction and perforation are rare. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common subtype ( 65%) of large bowel lymphoma.[radiopaedia.org] There have been no previous reports of ENKL presenting with large bowel obstruction.[npplweb.com] […] of the bowel if the tumor is large leading to impeded food and stool movement Perforation of the bowel Severe bleeding from the rectum Weakened immune system (or immunosuppression[dovemed.com]

  • Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    bowel obstruction without organic stenosis.[wwe.geoscience.net] With pseudo-obstruction, the problem can affect the stomach and small and large bowel, so there’s not always an easy surgical repair.[chw.org] Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction Syndrome characterized by signs and symptoms of a mechanical obstruction of the small or large bowel, in the absence of an anatomic lesion[ucsfmed.wordpress.com]

  • Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum

    Change in bowel habits: Present in 43% of patients. The patients may have hypokalemia. Large tumors can cause obstructive symptoms.[ispub.com] Left colon cancers: often colicky pain, rectal bleeding, bowel obstruction, tenesmus, mass in left iliac fossa, early change in bowel habit, less advanced disease at presentation[patient.info] If the ileocaecal valve is incompetent, the obstructed large bowel decompresses into the small bowel, producing a mixed clinical picture of large and small bowel obstruction[surgwiki.com]

  • Diverticulitis of the Colon

    Large bowel obstruction . Complications: Diverticulitis - seen in 25% of individuals with divertiulosis. [2] Peformation - peritonitis .[librepathology.org] large bowel obstruction.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] The use of endoscopic colonic stenting as a treatment of acute obstruction of the large bowel secondary to colonic cancer has been well documented in the literature either[bjmp.org]

  • Ascariasis

    Most common complication of ascariasis is mechanical small bowel obstruction caused by a large number of worms.[radiopaedia.org] If the infestation is unusually large then surgery may be recommended. This is only usually needed if there is intestinal blockage or bowel obstruction.[healthresource4u.com] There are 4 major factors that result in Ascaris-related intestinal obstruction.: [23] Multiple worms can form a large bolus, resulting in mechanical obstruction of the bowel[afrjpaedsurg.org]

  • Hirschsprung's Disease

    Hirschsprung’s Disease is a rare congenital disorder that affects the large bowel (colon), which causes severe constipation and/ or bowel obstruction.[bladderandbowel.org] Dilated loops of small and large bowel. Paucity of gas in rectum and sigmoid region.[fetalultrasound.com] Hirschsprung disease occurs in 1 of 5000 live births and accounts for 20% of neonatal bowel obstructions.[health.state.mn.us]

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