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82 Possible Causes for Large Kidney Bilateral, Nephrolithiasis, Proteinuria

  • Acute Pyelonephritis

    […] with higher risk of complications such as abscess, Antibiotic Resistance) Age under 1 or over 60 years Abnormality (Polycystic Kidney, Vesicoureteral reflux) Obstruction ( Nephrolithiasis[] Fractional excretion of sodium is high, and nephrotic proteinuria may occur without glomerular abnormalities.[] Proteinuria. Initial management Clinical support and thorax X-ray Figure 1 - Thorax X-ray. extensive pleural effusion on left side (arrow).[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    We describe a case of bilateral PKD complicated with a large enhancing mass and multiple small nodules in the left kidney.[] Abstract Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited kidney disease in the United States, causing hypertension, cerebral aneurysms, nephrolithiasis[] After 4 months, proteinuria decreased to 600 mg/d. Patients with ADPKD who show massive proteinuria should undergo kidney biopsy.[]

  • Sarcoidosis

    Due to hypercalzaemia related to sarcoidosis in 15% of the cases, chronic kidney failure can be a result of chronic nephrolithiasis. 4 Etiology No casuistic explanation for[] He claimed to have undergone renal biopsy 9 years earlier because of 7 g/day proteinuria and hypertension.[] Increased serum calcium with no other cause Increased urine calcium Nephrolithiasis, no stone analysis Nephrolithiasis analysis showing calcium Nephrolithiasis with negative[]

  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

    Note the large size of both kidneys.[] Complications: Metanephric abscesses; hypertension; berry aneurysms of Circle of Willis; nephrolithiasis; and RCC (1-5% of cases).[] Oxidized free Hcy and Cys with redox ratios were correlated to AOPP, MDA and proteinuria.[]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Abstract Preeclampsia is the most common cause of proteinuria with hypertension during pregnancy.[] Treatment of MM decreased proteinuria and improved renal function. CONCLUSIONS There is an association between FSGS and MM through an unclear mechanism.[] Bortezomib and dexamethasone therapy significantly reduced proteinuria and elevated serum albumin level.[]

  • Renal Sarcoidosis

    Radiographic evidence of renal involvement by sarcoidosis is usually demonstrated as nephrocalcinosis or nephrolithiasis.[] Under treatment with oral prednisone mean eGFR significantly improved from 38 21 ml/min to 57 26 ml/min and proteinuria decreased from 981 304 mg/24 hrs to 176 77 mg/24 hrs[] Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology and is associated with a wide variety of renal disorders including nephrolithiasis, hypercalciuria, hypercalcemia[]

  • Polyarteritis Nodosa

    She was incidentally found to be hypertensive and had proteinuria. Skin biopsy showed leuco-cytoclastic vasculitis.[] Herein, we describe a patient who was initially diagnosed with lupus nephritis based on her clinical presentation, proteinuria, hematuria, positive anti-nuclear antibody,[] Symptoms on admission included a generalised rash, colicky abdominal pain, hypertension, proteinuria and fresh rectal bleeding.[]

  • Goodpasture Syndrome

    […] activation of complements, cytokines and proteases interferes with the glomerular filtration process resulting in glomerulonephritis, identified by crescent formation and proteinuria[] If anti-GBM antibodies are absent and patients have evidence of glomerulonephritis (hematuria, proteinuria, red cell casts detected with urinalysis, renal insufficiency, or[] Less than half of patients demonstrate renal insufficiency at initial evaluation, but more than 80% eventually display azotemia or proteinuria. Hematuria is very common.[]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 1

    Nephrolithiasis is the most frequently described complication.[] No difference was observed for microalbuminuria and proteinuria between the two groups of patients.[] The incidence of microalbuminuria and proteinuria is shown in Table 1 . Beyond the age of 18 yr, microalbuminuria is seen in 67% and proteinuria in 42% of our patients.[]

  • Nephrolithiasis

    […] calculus in the left kidney in a 5 year old child Nephrolithiasis: Bilateral renal calculi and urinary tract infection Nephrolithiasis: Medication induced nephrocalcinosis[] KEYWORDS: Diet; Epidemiology; Kidney calculi; Nephrolithiasis[] These include: Swelling in body parts like your legs, ankles, or around your eyes (edema) Large amounts of protein in your urine (proteinuria) Loss of protein in your blood[]

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