22 Possible Causes for Larva Migrans in USA

  • Hookworm Infection
    Cutaneous Larva Migrans

    infection, the first symptom patients notice is a palm or sole irritation, that is pruritic and either vesicular or erythematous, that should be differentiated from cutaneous larvamigrans. … Dermatological examination shows the rash described above, that is sometimes accompanied by scratching lesions or typical cutaneous larva migrans, a serpiginous erythematous[1]

  • Ocular Larva Migrans
    Visceral Larva Migrans

    Ocular larva migrans (OLM), also known as ocular toxocariasis, is the ocular form of the larva migrans syndrome that occurs when Toxocara canis (dog roundworm) larvae invade … They may be associated with visceral larva migrans. … The eye involvement can cause the following inflammatory disorders: endophthalmitis uveitis chorioretinitis In contrast to visceral larva migrans, ocular toxocariasis usually[2]

  • Cutaneous Larva Migrans
    Larva Migrans

    Cutaneous larva migrans (abbreviated CLM) is a skin disease in humans, caused by the larvae of various nematode parasites of the hookworm family (Ancylostomatidae). … Cutaneous larva migrans usually heals spontaneously over weeks to months and has been known to last as long as one year. … Dermatology Intestinal parasite Visceral larva migrans List of migrating cutaneous conditions DermAtlas -1921851750[3]

  • Gnathostomiasis

    Gnathostomiasis (also known as larva migrans profundus) is the human infection caused by the nematode (roundworm) Gnathostoma spinigerum and/or Gnathostoma hispidum, which … The following are commonly used terms when referring to gnathostomiasis Gnathostoma Larva migrans profundus Nodular migratory eosinophilic panniculitis Physaloptera Spiruroid … larva migrans Wandering swelling Yangtze edema The first case of Gnathostoma was identified by Sir Richard Owen when inspecting the stomach of a young tiger that had died[4]

  • Toxocariasis

    The disease can manifest as visceral larva migrans or ocular toxocariasis or may be covert. … The clinical presentation of toxocariasis depends upon the organ system involved and can be classified as: Visceral larva migrans (VLM) - involving all major organs Ocular … larva migrans (OLM) - involving the eyes and the optic nerve A covert form which is difficult to diagnose.[5]

  • Visceral Larva Migrans
    Ocular Larva Migrans

    Toxocariasis is often called visceral larva migrans (VLM). … ; and ocular larva migrans (OLM), in which pathological effects on the host are restricted to the eye and the optic nerve. … High parasitic loads or repeated infection can lead to visceral larva migrans (VLM).[6]

  • Helminthiasis

    malayi), Trichinella spiralis (the causative agent of trichinellosis), Dracunculus medinensis (Guinea worm), Toxocara canis and T. cati (the causative agent of visceral larvamigrans), and Ancylostoma braziliense (responsible for cutaneous larva migrans) are classified into this group of nematodes as they cause infections related to other tissues[7]

  • Leukemoid Reaction

    All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) Ethylene glycol intoxication Infections Clostridium difficile Tuberculosis Pertussis Infectious mononucleosis (lymphocyte predominant) Visceral larvamigrans (eosinophil predominant) Asplenia Diabetic ketoacidosis Organ necrosis Hepatic necrosis Ischemic colitis As a feature of trisomy 21 in infancy (incidence of ~10%[8]

  • Tropical Eosinophilia

    Other parasitic infections, such as the zoonotic filariae, dirofilariasis, ascariasis, strongyloides, visceral larva migrans and hookworm disease, may also be confused with[9]

  • Myocarditis

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae) Fungal (Aspergillus) Parasitic (ascaris, Echinococcus granulosus, Paragonimus westermani, schistosoma, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, visceral larvamigrans, and Wuchereria bancrofti) Bacterial myocarditis is rare in patients without immunodeficiency.[10]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms


  1. Hookworm Infection, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  2. Ocular larva migrans, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  3. Cutaneous larva migrans, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  4. Gnathostomiasis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  5. Toxocariasis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  6. Toxocariasis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  7. Helminthiasis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  8. Leukemoid reaction, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  9. Tropical eosinophilia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  10. Myocarditis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…