Lathyrism can also be caused by food adulteration. … Poor people sometimes know how to reduce the chance of developing lathyrism but face a choice between risking lathyrism or starvation. … The prevention of lathyrism is therefore a socio-economic challenge.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disorder characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without an identifiable cause.
Most patients have little or no disability and a normal life expectancy. Higher rates of morbidity or mortality are linked to the complications of the disorder, sudden cardiac death,…
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or…
Herpes simplex encephalitis constitutes an uncommon infectious disease, leading to inflammation of the brain parenchyma, as a result of a herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I) infection. Rarely, in neonates, the encephalitis is caused by herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-II).
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is an…
Powassan encephalitis is a rare infection caused by Powassan virus in specific regions of North America, Canada, and Russia. The virus is transmitted by a tick bite, and constitutional symptoms followed by a range of neurological deficits, including altered consciousness, are typical features. The diagnosis rests on…
Japanese encephalitis is a serious infection caused by the mosquito-borne Japanese encephalitis virus from the family Flaviviridae. It occurs mainly in rural parts of Asia.
The disease presents in 3 stages, first is the acute stage (1-2 weeks), second subacute stage (more than 2 weeks) and the third stage lasting…
Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) is a zoonotic flavivirus endemic to northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. It is the causal agent of Murray Valley encephalitis (previously known as Australian encephalitis or Australian X disease). In humans it can cause permanent neurological disease or death. MVEV is related…
California encephalitis is an arbovirus-induced, arthropod-borne encephalitis. California encephalitis virus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family of viruses and was first discovered and isolated from mosquitoes collected in California in 1943.
Only 26% of the arbovirus infections have been found to be symptomatic.…