SEMINAR 1 : CONTRACEPTION / SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION Contraception : Prescribing oral contraceptives When considering the use of birth control pills, absolute and relative contraindications must be considered. Absolute contraindications include : Thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders Cerebro-vascular or coronary…
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver with accompanying liver cell damage. There are many causes of hepatitis both infectious (viral, bacterial, parasitic etc.) and non infectious (drugs, inherited, autoimmune, etc.). The three most common types of viral hepatitis (A, B and C) afflict millions worldwide. Hepatitis is…
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder of multiple etiology, characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There are four main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2…
Hyperlipoproteinemia is a disorder of lipid metabolism that results in higher levels of circulating lipoproteins in the plasma.
Hyperlipoproteinemia is usually asymptomatic and is more commonly seen in people who have a personal/family history of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease or in patients who are obese,…
In the United States, 36% of the population are clinically obese as of 2010. Obesity remains to be a looming major health crisis internationally where its prevalence rate is increasing rapidly especially in the first world countries worldwide.
Obesity is technically defined as having a BMI of more than 30. BMI is an index…
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is an inherited condition which leads to extremely elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
HoFH is a genetic condition with varying clinical presentation; the type of mutation that the patient is affected by determines the severity of the…
Wolman disease is an abnormal accumulation of cholesteryl esters in the body tissues caused by a deficiency of lysosomal acid lipase enzyme. It is a rare inherited disease and is usually fatal.
The clinical presentation of children with Wolman disease can vary from an early presentation on the first day of birth with…
Anabolic steroids International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph (Group monograph) G007 Pharmaceutical 1. NAME 1.1 Substance Anabolic steroids 1.2 Group The anabolic steroids include: clostebol drostanolone fluoxymesterone furazabol mesterolone methandienone methandriol methenalone…