2,802 Possible Causes for Lead Encephalopathy

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Of infants who are hospitalized with pertussis, approximately 50% have apnea, 20% develop pneumonia, 1% have seizures, 1% die, and 0.3% have encephalopathy. [ 28 ] Recovery[emedicine.medscape.com] Complications of pertussis in hospitalized infants include the following [ 28 ] : Apnea (50%) Pneumonia (20%) Seizures (1%) Encephalopathy (0.3%) Death (1%) In addition, severe[emedicine.medscape.com] Peritonsillar abscess (quinsy) may complicate bacterial pharyngitis, leading to difficulty swallowing and pain radiating to the ear.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Insect Bite

    For those bites and stings that lead to transmission of pathogenic organisms, the next step is to see health care professionals to obtain a definitive diagnosis so appropriate[emedicinehealth.com] […] because the additional gain in repellent effect with higher concentrations is not significant when weighed against the potential for toxicity, which include rare cases of encephalopathy[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Lead Poisoning

    […] loss, colic, constipation, insomnia, headache, dizziness, irritability, moderate hypertension, albuminuria, anemia, encephalopathy, and peripheral neuropathy leading to paralysis[fpnotebook.com] […] or function, joint and muscle pain, loss of appetite, anemia, a dark line along the gums, encephalopathy, seizures, paralysis, and kidney damage — called also plumbism ,[merriam-webster.com] If the level of lead in the blood is high for days, symptoms of sudden brain damage (encephalopathy) usually develop.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Lead Poisoning in Children

    Symptomatic treatment includes hospitalization in ICU with ventilator support if cerebral edema; antispasmodic to treat lead colic, anti-comitial therapy in case of encephalopathy[panafrican-med-journal.com] These include: severe abdominal pain and cramping vomiting muscle weakness stumbling when walking seizures coma encephalopathy , which manifests as confusion , coma, and seizures[healthline.com] Abstract Fatal lead encephalopathy has disappeared and blood lead concentrations have decreased in US children, but approximately 25% still live in housing with deteriorated[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Viral Lower Respiratory Infection

    Of infants who are hospitalized with pertussis, approximately 50% have apnea, 20% develop pneumonia, 1% have seizures, 1% die, and 0.3% have encephalopathy. [ 28 ] Recovery[emedicine.medscape.com] Complications of pertussis in hospitalized infants include the following [ 28 ] : Apnea (50%) Pneumonia (20%) Seizures (1%) Encephalopathy (0.3%) Death (1%) In addition, severe[emedicine.medscape.com] Peritonsillar abscess (quinsy) may complicate bacterial pharyngitis, leading to difficulty swallowing and pain radiating to the ear.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    We can also postulate that longer and more severe hypoperfusion due to hyperammonemia could lead to type 1 lesions (diffuse severe cerebral edema followed by diffuse atrophy[ajnr.org] Hepatology Program Coordinator Kelly Hames, RN, CPN - Hepatology Program Coordinator Andrea Bennett, PA-C - Liver Transplant Physician Assistant Vicki Fioravanti, RN, CCTC - Lead[childrensmercy.org] Neonatal hemodialysis: effective therapy for the encephalopathy of inborn errors of metabolism.[nejm.org]

  • AMACR Deficiency

    Statistics from Altmetric.com α-Methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) deficiency is an autosomal recessive peroxisomal disorder which leads to the accumulation of pristanic acid[jnnp.bmj.com] The enzyme deficiency leads to accumulation of pristanic acid in the blood.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] It is unclear how α-methylacyl-coA racemase deficiency leads to pigmentary retinopathy and neuronal death.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    […] an autosomal recessive [2] metabolic disorder , classified as a branched-chain organic acidemia . [3] The disorder presents in the early neonatal period with progressive encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org] Patients may present with vomiting, dehydration, lethargy, and encephalopathy.[emedicine.medscape.com] There was no recurrence of seizure or features of metabolic encephalopathy.[webmedcentral.com]

  • Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase Deficiency

    We can also postulate that longer and more severe hypoperfusion due to hyperammonemia could lead to type 1 lesions (diffuse severe cerebral edema followed by diffuse atrophy[ajnr.org] Unless promptly treated, it can result in encephalopathy, coma and death, or intellectual disability in surviving patients.[bioportfolio.com] NAGS deficiency also presents with irritability and hyperammonemia leading to coma and death if untreated.[preventiongenetics.com]

  • Hypophosphatasia

    Infants may also present with severe epileptic encephalopathy that results in death.[emedicine.medscape.com] Increased excretion of calcium may lead to nephrocalcinosis and renal damage. Infants may also present with severe epileptic encephalopathy that results in death.[boneandspine.com] Hypercalcemia is also present, and increased excretion of calcium may lead to nephrocalcinosis and renal damage.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms