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28 Possible Causes for Lead Encephalopathy, Pupillary Abnormality, Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis

  • Brain Neoplasm

    RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare differences in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast-enhanced (DSC) magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging characteristics of recurrent neoplasm and radiation necrosis in patients with brain tumors previously treated with radiotherapy[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Abscess

    There was pupillary abnormality in 11 cases.[npplweb.com]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    However, it is thought that multiple concussions may lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which results in severe brain dysfunction.[merckmanuals.com] Successful use of the new high-dose mannitol treatment in patients with Glasgow coma scores of 3 and bilateral abnormal pupillary widening: a randomized trial.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, it is thought that multiple concussions may lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy , which results in severe brain dysfunction.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Encephalitis

    The patient showed pupillary abnormalities suggestive of a diagnosis of neurosyphilis, and the diagnosis was supported by the results of a serum Treponema pallidum hemagglutination[jstage.jst.go.jp] MRI can also exclude lesions that mimic viral encephalitis (eg, brain abscess, sagittal sinus thrombosis).[merckmanuals.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    abnormalities, alcohol use, injury by motorcycle, ischemic damage, [6] hypoxia or hypotension, and overall ability to control ICP. [7, 8, 5] Chronic subdural hematoma Outcome[emedicine.medscape.com] […] vein and sigmoid sinus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most patients (65-80%) present with a severely depressed conscious state, and pupillary abnormalities are seen in 40% (range 30-50%) of cases 5.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] to pial vessel rupture, 7 intracranial vertebral artery dissection, 8 Moyamoya disease, 9 posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, 10 and postpartum angiopathy, which[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] […] with recanalization of the cortical vein but a patent superior sagittal sinus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and include ruptured saccular 1 – 4 and mycotic 5 aneurysms, ruptured arteriovenous malformations, 3, 4 intracranial venous thrombosis, 6 pregnancy-induced hypertension leading[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org]

  • Stroke

    AIDS, preterm birth, malaria, neonatal encephalopathy, and congenital causes ( figure 12 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The authors showed that in patients with MCI, pupillary abnormalities and severe brainstem compression may be present despite normal ICP values.[doi.org] Superior sagittal sinus and cerebral cortical venous thrombosis caused by congenital protein C deficiency: case report. Neurol Med Chir. 2000 ; 40 : 645–649.[doi.org]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    In nonalcoholic patients, numerous causes of nutritional deficiency of thiamine can lead to Wernicke encephalopathy in both pediatric and adult patients, including parenteral[jaocr.org] Less frequently noted manifestations are: pupillary abnormalities such as sluggishly reactive pupils, ptosis, scotomata, and anisocoria.[emedicine.medscape.com] Thrombosis of the superficial dural sinus system (the superior and inferior sagittal sinuses, transverse sinuses, and cortical veins) typically results in cerebral edema and[doi.org]

  • Retinal Hemorrhage

    The non-abuse causes of increased ICP leading to RH can be due to infection, hypoxicischemic encephalopathy (HIE), post-event cerebral edema from any traumatic or metabolic[westjem.com] A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V W X Abnormalities, Eye (Eye Abnormalities) Acanthamoeba Keratitis Achromatopsia (Color Vision Defects) Acute Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitides[provisu.ch] Microscopic examination: Fresh subdural with organizing superior sagittal sinus thrombosis.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]

  • Cerebral Venous Sinus Disorder

    The other frequent manifestations are focal neurological deficits and diffuse encephalopathies with seizures.[annalsofian.org] […] triad involves an increased systolic blood pressure, a widened pulse pressure, bradycardia, and an abnormal respiratory pattern.[wikivisually.com] […] and 23 (46%) patients had superficial system (superior sagittal sinus) thrombosis.[ruralneuropractice.com]