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401 Possible Causes for Left Atrial Enlargement, Tachycardia

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    We found that there were no differences between GPA and control groups regarding left atrial enlargement and interventricular septal hypertrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The event was associated with multiple episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia without any structural heart changes or electrolyte disturbances.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Left ventricle systolic function was decreased (LVEF 50%) in eight patients with GPA, and left ventricle wall motion abnormalities were observed in 12 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Pregnancy is associated with many hemodynamic changes including expanded intravascular volume, tachycardia, increased intracardiac dimensions, and valvular regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] atrial enlargement (particularly appendage) from mitral valve disease valvular calcification diffuse alveolar haemorrhage can result from severe mitral stenosis CT valvular[radiopaedia.org] She presented with supraventricular tachycardia and died in the coronary care unit 4 weeks postpartum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatic Fever

    The junctional tachycardia and other electrocardiogram abnormalities resolved during follow-up.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] atrial enlargement (particularly appendage) from mitral valve disease valvular calcification diffuse alveolar haemorrhage can result from severe mitral stenosis CT valvular[radiopaedia.org] Other electrocardiographic changes such as sinus tachycardia, bundle branch blocks. nonspecific ST-T wave changes, atrial and ventricular premature complexes have been reported[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Common ECG associations with DCM Left atrial enlargement - may progress to atrial fibrillation.[lifeinthefastlane.com] Most common mode of presentation was ventricular tachycardia (VT). Two patients had left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case 2 presented isolated LVNC with nonsustained ventricle tachycardia. A cesarean section was performed at 36 weeks' gestation because of placenta previa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Furthermore, the increased pulmonary flow leads to left atrial enlargement and increased left ventricular preload and stroke volume by the Frank-Starling mechanism.[cvphysiology.com] […] dexmedetomidine (DEX) infusion before surgical incision and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) versus initiation after CPB had an impact on the incidence of junctional ectopic tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Larger VSDs may show cardiomegaly (particularly left atrial enlargement although the right and left ventricle can also be enlarged).[radiopaedia.org]

  • Atrial Fibrillation

    ., atrial enlargement and inflammation or infiltrative disease affecting the atrium Causes include structural abnormalities e.g., left atrial enlargement, mitral and aortic[medbullets.com] Circumferential pulmonary vein isolation and circumferential SVC isolation resulted in termination of tachycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., due to rheumatic heart disease or mitral valve prolapse ), mitral regurgitation , left atrial enlargement , hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), pericarditis , congenital[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Common ECG associations with DCM Left atrial enlargement - may progress to atrial fibrillation.[lifeinthefastlane.com] The treatment is of a dilated cardiomyopathy is aimed at the cause if potentially reversible (i.e. selenium deficiency or tachycardia mediated) and towards blockage of the[healio.com] Vital signs must be assessed with special attention to the following: tachypnea, tachycardia and hypertension.[symptoma.com]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    atrial enlargement may be an indirect clue 2 a differential density sign at cardiac borders has been suggested 9 , but its specificity is limited usually requires greater[radiopaedia.org] Emergency physicians must maintain vigilance in suspecting pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients with known or suspected malignancy who present with tachycardia,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite a relative tachycardia, his observations were otherwise unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    Electrocardiogram on admission showed sinus tachycardia; left atrial enlargement, left ventricular hypertrophy and nonspecific T wave abnormalities over the anterior wall[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com] The state of elevated catecholamines leads to tachycardia, hypertension, and increased myocardial oxygen consumption.[emedicine.medscape.com] Arrhythmias: Sinus tachycardia is the most common arrhythmia and usually responds to control of agitation and IV fluids.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    […] all sizes, the Se, Sp, PPV, and NPV for detecting cardiac tamponade were: low-voltage complexes (56%, 74%, 81%, 46%), electrical alternans (23%, 98%, 95%, 39%), and sinus tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] atrial enlargement may be an indirect clue 2 a differential density sign at cardiac borders has been suggested 9 , but its specificity is limited usually requires greater[radiopaedia.org] EKG showing sinus tachycardia, low QRS voltage and electric alternans, suggesting pericardial effusion. Figure 2. C hest X-ray pre- and post-pericardiocentesis.[swjpcc.com]

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