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724 Possible Causes for Left Atrial Hypertrophy, Mutation in the Endoglin Gene, Pharyngeal Hemorrhage

  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

    In addition, genetic linkage studies and/or mutation analysis identified endoglin as the disease-causing gene in 6 of these families.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] A genetic test, identifying the mutation in endoglin gene both in the patient and in the father, confirmed the suspected diagnosis of HHT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mutations in two genes, endoglin (ENG) and activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1) are associated with HHT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Left Atrial Hypertrophy
  • Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation

    The post-mortem molecular genetic analysis proved the presence of a disease-causing mutation in the endoglin gene constituting a predisposition for pulmonary AVMs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical disease was documented in her mother and sister, both of whom had undergone genetic testing that identified a deletion mutation in the endoglin gene (ENG).[consultqd.clevelandclinic.org] Type 1 is caused by mutations in the endoglin gene and type 2 is caused by mutations in the ALK-1 gene, both of which encode proteins that are involved in the proper development[medicine.yale.edu]

    Missing: Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    On univariate analysis, MACE was associated with older age, atrial fibrillation, concentric LV hypertrophy, larger left atrial volume, and more abnormal GLS.[acc.org] Although phenotypical characteristics of the hypertrophied left ventricle are clear, left atrial (LA) and pulmonary venous (PV) remodeling has rarely been investigated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiogram from a 46-year-old man with long-standing hypertension showing left atrial abnormality and left ventricular hypertrophy with strain.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Aortic Valve Disorder

    […] ventricle [18] [19] and atrium [18] ECG showing left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial abnormality [18] Echocardiography is diagnostic in most cases, showing left ventricular[en.wikipedia.org] As well, the P waves may show evidence of left atrial enlargement.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] fish-mouth"-shaped orifice and signs of right ventricular failure in advanced disease [18] Chest X-ray showing calcific aortic valve, and in longstanding disease, enlarged left[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    There may be evidence of left ventricular dilatation. ECG: may show evidence of left atrial and left ventricular abnormality (hypertrophy and dilatation).[healthengine.com.au] The ECG showed normal sinus rhythm with signs of left atrial dilatation, left ventricle hypertrophy or dilatation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiogram The ECG may reveal sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy, as well as a left atrial enlargement in individuals with medium[lecturio.com]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Dyspnea As mentioned, left atrial hypertrophy can prevent mean left atrial pressures from rising during the early stages of disease.[pathwaymedicine.org] (B) The horizontal four-chamber view shows the resultant severe left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial enlargement.[aafp.org] This enlarges the left atrium and results in hypertrophy of the atrial wall because the left atrium has to generate increased pressure when it contracts in order to complete[cvphysiology.com]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Mitral Valve Disease

    Features associated with chronic MR are left ventricular and left atrial hypertrophy, and ST segment changes in lateral leads.[symptoma.com] For instance, the electrocardiogram (ECG) in long-standing MR may show evidence of left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy.[en.wikipedia.org] ECG: may reveal atrial fibrillation, left atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy. See separate ECG A Methodical Approach article.[patient.info]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Acute Chronic Electrocardiogram Normal P mitrale, Atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy Heart size Normal Cardiomegaly, left atrial enlargement Systolic murmur[slideshare.net] For instance, the electrocardiogram (ECG) in long-standing MR may show evidence of left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy.[en.wikipedia.org] Electrocardiography shows rhythm and conduction abnormalities, left atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy if pulmonary hypertension is present.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage
  • Pharyngeal Disease

    […] diverticulum Perforation of pharynx Pharyngeal abscess Pharyngeal bursitis Pharyngeal diverticulitis Pharyngeal dryness Pharyngeal gag reflex positive Pharyngeal hemorrhage[icd9data.com] Posterior space abscesses cause swelling that is more prominent in the posterior pharyngeal wall. Trismus is minimal.[merckmanuals.com] It should be considered if the patient presents with pharyngitis and bilateral conjunctivitis especially if it is hemorrhagic (pharyngoconjunctival fever).[antimicrobe.org]

    Missing: Left Atrial Hypertrophy Mutation in the Endoglin Gene
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    […] ventricular hypertrophy Left atrial enlargement Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly (cor bovinum) Dilated aortic root Cardiac Catheterization Supravalvular angiography allows assessment[echocardiology.org] […] ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial enlargement.[healio.com] […] aortic insufficiency and described as a low-pitched mid-diastolic rumble at the apex Bisferien's pulse (widely notched arterial pulse, sometimes palpable) Electrocardiogram Left[echocardiology.org]

    Missing: Mutation in the Endoglin Gene Pharyngeal Hemorrhage