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550 Possible Causes for Left Atrial Hypertrophy, Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature

  • Coarctation of the Aorta

    Increased nuchal translucency and aortic coarctation with a small ventricular septal defect were described prenatally, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was detected postnatally[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pressures with left atrial hypertrophy and enlargement, increased atrial fibrosis, and slowing of intra-atrial and interatrial electrical conduction velocities.[hyper.ahajournals.org] Short stature, relative macrocephaly, failure-to-thrive together with dystrophic appearance, developmental delay mainly in motor milestones and very thin, sparse, slow-growing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    On univariate analysis, MACE was associated with older age, atrial fibrillation, concentric LV hypertrophy, larger left atrial volume, and more abnormal GLS.[acc.org] Although phenotypical characteristics of the hypertrophied left ventricle are clear, left atrial (LA) and pulmonary venous (PV) remodeling has rarely been investigated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiogram from a 46-year-old man with long-standing hypertension showing left atrial abnormality and left ventricular hypertrophy with strain.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Aortic Valve Disorder

    […] ventricle [18] [19] and atrium [18] ECG showing left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial abnormality [18] Echocardiography is diagnostic in most cases, showing left ventricular[en.wikipedia.org] As well, the P waves may show evidence of left atrial enlargement.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] fish-mouth"-shaped orifice and signs of right ventricular failure in advanced disease [18] Chest X-ray showing calcific aortic valve, and in longstanding disease, enlarged left[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    There may be evidence of left ventricular dilatation. ECG: may show evidence of left atrial and left ventricular abnormality (hypertrophy and dilatation).[healthengine.com.au] The ECG showed normal sinus rhythm with signs of left atrial dilatation, left ventricle hypertrophy or dilatation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiogram The ECG may reveal sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy, as well as a left atrial enlargement in individuals with medium[lecturio.com]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Dyspnea As mentioned, left atrial hypertrophy can prevent mean left atrial pressures from rising during the early stages of disease.[pathwaymedicine.org] (B) The horizontal four-chamber view shows the resultant severe left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial enlargement.[aafp.org] This enlarges the left atrium and results in hypertrophy of the atrial wall because the left atrium has to generate increased pressure when it contracts in order to complete[cvphysiology.com]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Mitral Valve Disease

    Features associated with chronic MR are left ventricular and left atrial hypertrophy, and ST segment changes in lateral leads.[symptoma.com] For instance, the electrocardiogram (ECG) in long-standing MR may show evidence of left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy.[en.wikipedia.org] ECG: may reveal atrial fibrillation, left atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy. See separate ECG A Methodical Approach article.[patient.info]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Acute Chronic Electrocardiogram Normal P mitrale, Atrial fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy Heart size Normal Cardiomegaly, left atrial enlargement Systolic murmur[slideshare.net] For instance, the electrocardiogram (ECG) in long-standing MR may show evidence of left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy.[en.wikipedia.org] Electrocardiography shows rhythm and conduction abnormalities, left atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy if pulmonary hypertension is present.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    […] ventricular hypertrophy Left atrial enlargement Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly (cor bovinum) Dilated aortic root Cardiac Catheterization Supravalvular angiography allows assessment[echocardiology.org] […] ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial enlargement.[healio.com] […] aortic insufficiency and described as a low-pitched mid-diastolic rumble at the apex Bisferien's pulse (widely notched arterial pulse, sometimes palpable) Electrocardiogram Left[echocardiology.org]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    In restrictive cardiomyopathy the P waves may be wide, but have a particular tendency to be increased in amplitude, reflecting left atrial overload or hypertrophy, as in hypertension[heart.bmj.com] Six of these individuals (III-1, III-3, IV-5, III-6, III-11, III-15) had left ventricular wall hypertrophy of 13–20 mm, including three individuals with a left atrial size[jci.org]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature
  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    With a moderate VSD, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and occasionally left atrial hypertrophy (LAH) may be seen.[patient.info] ECG shows right ventricular hypertrophy or combined ventricular hypertrophy and, occasionally, left atrial enlargement.[merckmanuals.com] In those with pulmonary hypertension, right axis deviation, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and right atrial hypertrophy (RAH) may be seen.[patient.info]

    Missing: Prenatal and Postnatal Short Stature

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