Splenic rupture carries a high mortality rate in the absence of an early diagnosis. It can occur due to both traumatic and non-traumatic causes. Pain in the upper left abdominal quadrant, hypotension, pallor, tachycardia and abdominal distention are main symptoms. A complete blood count revealing a decreased…
A restrictive lung disease is associated with a reduced total lung capacity, i.e., the lungs are unable to expand fully. It may be caused by intrinsic pulmonary disorders or thoracic pathologies.
The predominating symptom in RLD patients is dyspnea. Patients may report to suffer from breathing difficulties while under…
Morbid obesity or clinically severe obesity is a condition characterized by body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg/m2, and involves serious health consequences. Morbid obesity is associated with a number of comorbidities that enhance the risk of mortality.
Weight problems with symptoms of associated complications are the…
Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare postinfectious, immune-mediated disorder affecting the nervous system.
Guillain–Barré syndrome is a one-time episode in more than 95% of cases. The generally accepted criteria for the diagnosis of Guillain–Barré syndrome include: progressive, ascending weakness of more than…
Cervical spinal cord injury is a serious clinical condition characterized by damage to segments C1 to C7 of the spinal cord. Trauma to cervical segments is associated with the most destructive consequences such as quadriplegia, loss of respiratory, autonomic system function etc.
If cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) is…
Patients with interstitial lung disease may initially present with shortness of breath during heavy exertion like jogging, running and climbing flight of stairs. Complains of dry cough may be noted due to the drying of the lungs and throat with chronic fibrosis. Interstitial lung disease may present with fleeting…
Bulbar poliomyelitis is a specific type of an extremely rare viral paralytic disease in which the typical findings of acute flaccid paralysis are accompanied by bulbar symptoms - dysphagia, dysphonia, nasal regurgitation, as well as vascular and respiratory impairment in severe cases. The diagnosis rests on clinical…
An abdominal mass can be observed during a physical examination in a myriad of conditions, but it is imperative to determine its location, size, shape and the presence of other accompanying signs. A thorough workup, primarily through imaging studies and biopsy, is pivotal to define the underlying cause.