A urinary tract infection is an infection of one or more structures of the urinary tract. Polyuria and dysuria are common symptoms.
Population at increased risk People who have obstructed urinary tract conditions such as kidney-stone or with a history of having incomplete bladder emptying (spinal cord injury,…
Chronic pyelonephritis is a long-standing renal disorder characterized by tubulointerstitial inflammation with cortical scarring that eventually may result in end-stage renal disease. It includes variants like xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis and emphysematous pyelonephritis. Diagnosis is based on renal function tests,…
Splenic abscess is a rare but possibly life-threatening condition that can be caused by various Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. Fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and a poor general condition in severe cases is the typical clinical presentation. Underlying immunosuppression or the presence…
Renal cell carcinoma is a malignancy originating from the kidney's tubular epithelium. The tumor is characterized by aggressive growth and propensity for metastatic spread. Patients often present with metastatic disease disease either at the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor or even several years after…
Renal infarction is a serious condition due to renal artery occlusion that needs rapid diagnosis, as it may lead to irreversible kidney damage. The diagnosis may be difficult to make, as patients present with nonspecific symptoms.
Renal infarction usually occurs in patients with cardiovascular risk factors, such as…
Banti's syndrome (also known as Banti's disease), named for is Guido Banti., is a chronic congestive enlargement of the spleen resulting in premature destruction of the red blood cells by the spleen.
The basic pathology is some kind of obstructive pathology in the portal, hepatic or splenic vein that causes…
Herpes zoster is a condition characterized by development of skin rash with blisters. It is a viral disease that promotes development of rash only on one side of the body.
Pain is the preliminary sign of herpes zoster. Few days later, skin rashes develop only on one side of the body affecting one or more skin…