Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative disorder induced by somatic mutations in hematopoietic stem cells. Uncontrolled proliferation of stem cells that release a variety of growth factors leads to bone marrow fibrosis and extramedullary hematopoiesis.
During initial stages of the disease, thrombocytosis accounts…
Tension pneumothorax (TP) is defined as a progressive build-up of air within the pleural space, generally due to a laceration of the lung.
The clinical presentation of tension pneumothorax is very similar to that of pneumothorax, even though it is much more pronounced. The classical signs include hypotension and…
That is, instead of upper right and lower left, pads should be placed upper left and lower right. … of the left ventricle and atrium; the latter are in their normal location. … the lower frontal part being directed to the right, instead of to the left.
Under physiological circumstances, the left atrium receives oxygen-rich blood from the left and right pulmonary veins, and this blood is then pumped by the left ventricle … vein into the left atrium, or creating an inter-atrial baffle, so that pulmonary venous circulation into the left atrium can be restored. … Alternatively, the anomalous vein can be re-implanted directly into the left atrium.