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104 Possible Causes for Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, S3 Gallop, Systolic Murmur

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  • Cardiomyopathy

    Biatrial enlargement Left ventricular hypertrophy or biventricular enlargement Left bundle branch block ( RBBB can also occur). Left axis deviation.[] A 40-year-old obese woman was found to have a II/VI systolic murmur that worsened with standing.[] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Left ventricular hypertrophy may also be present.[] Systolic Murmurs - Mitral Regurgitation You are listening to a typical example of a murmur caused by mitral valve regurgitation.[] S3 gallop (heard even in absence of systolic HF!) What do we do when Pt starts experience symptoms from mitral insufficiency?[]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Left ventricular muscle cell hypertrophy was accomplished through a 16% and 51% increase in myocyte diameter and length, whereas right ventricular myocyte hypertrophy was[] murmur mitral regurgitation murmur, S 4 Bifid carotid pulse with a brisk upstroke and rapid downstroke Exertional dyspnea and fatigue LV RV failure Functional AV valve regurgitation[] Beware of encoders What about a patient with left ventricular hypertrophy due to increased work caused by aortic stenosis?[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    No valvular disease or left ventricular hypertrophy was detected.[] On auscultation of the heart, one can hear loud first heart sound, exaggerated splitting, mid systolic murmur and continuous venous hum.[] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[]

  • Secondary Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram on admission showed sinus tachycardia; left atrial enlargement, left ventricular hypertrophy and nonspecific T wave abnormalities over the anterior wall[] An important feature of the physical examination is a gallop rhythm of S3 and S4. S3 and S4 may fuse in tachycardic patients with new onset of heart failure.[] Important complications of fibrosis include left ventricular hypertrophy, as well as systolic and diastolic dysfunction of both ventricles.[]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    ventricular hypertrophy, the existence of turbulent flow, the dilatation of the left atrium and the presence of thrombus in the left atrium.[] murmur mitral regurgitation murmur, S 4 Bifid carotid pulse with a brisk upstroke and rapid downstroke Exertional dyspnea and fatigue LV RV failure Functional AV valve regurgitation[] Hypertrophy of more than one region of left ventricular wall and at times of right ventricular wall is also seen.[]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    But stenosis combined with incompetence and left ventricular hypertrophy are poor prognostic factors in aortic valve disease.[] Grade II ejection systolic murmur was noticed on cardiovascular examination.[] left ventricular myocardium).[]

  • Thyrotoxic Heart Disease

    An electrocardiogram showed sinus tachycardia, right atrial enlargement, and left ventricular hypertrophy.[] murmurs 50 systolic hypertension 30 atrial fibrillation 15 angina pectoris 5 15. 6/00 15 Rhythm Disturbances • Atrial fibrillation – the most common complication[] […] or S4 gallop, and crepitations were recruited to the study which lasted from June 1999 to May 2002.[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Fabry disease (FD) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are two diseases with a different pathophysiology, both cause left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial fibrosis[] An early peaking, harsh diamond shaped systolic murmur starts at the beginning of systole and ends well before the second heart sound.[] gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    ST segment and T wave abnormalities, left ventricular hypertrophy, biatrial enlargement, left atrial enlargement, premature ventricular contractions, prolonged PR interval[] Systolic cardiac murmurs could be heard on mitral valve area, III/6 and conducted to left axilla.[] Electrocardiogram Can have a variety of ECG abnormalities, the most common left ventricular hypertrophy with ST-T abnormalities, also see low voltage, atrial fibrillation,[]

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