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65 Possible Causes for Leg Cramp, Motor Restlessness, Muscle Tenderness

  • Tetanus

    Tetanus causes cramping of the muscles in the neck, arms, leg and stomach, and painful convulsions which can be severe enough to break bones.[health.gov.on.ca]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    KEYWORDS: Leg motor restlessness; Parkinson's disease; Restless legs syndrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two common causes of pain or discomfort in legs are nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) and restless leg syndrome (RLS).[doi.org] As you determine the areas of elevated TD, you will likely find ridges which are tender and resistant to movement.[massagetoday.com]

  • Nocturnal Leg Cramp

    Akathisia Akathisia is a state of restlessness or agitation, and feelings of muscle quivering.[mountsinai.org] Leg cramps at night or nocturnal leg cramps are a common and frustrating condition. Everyone experiences muscle cramps from time to time.[sleepdisordersguide.com] They can affect the: calf muscle, below the knee at the back of the leg muscles in the feet or the thighs (less often) After the cramp has stopped, the muscle might feel tender[nhs.uk]

  • Bipolar Disorder

    Extrapyramidal effects often manifest early and can include akathisia (i.e., subjective sense of motor restlessness); parkinsonism (i.e., cogwheel rigidity of tendons, masked[aafp.org] cramping Zarate 2012 1 14 0 12 2.78 [0.10 to 74.70] Muscle/bone/joint pain Zarate 2012 0 14 4 12 0.07 [0.00 to 1.36] Sweating Zarate 2012 1 14 0 12 (OR 2.78, 95% CI 0.10[doi.org] […] effects occur: Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); calf pain or tenderness[canadian-pharmacy-24.com]

  • Poliomyelitis

    Bellinger , Developmental pathways of motor dysfunction , Developmental Psychobiology , 57 , 4 , (435-446) , (2015) .[doi.org] A 50-year-old man had a 3-day history of urinary retention, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and chills without fever, followed by leg weakness.[doi.org] Symptoms/Signs of Nonparalytic Poliomyelitis Arm and leg pain or stiffness Abnormal reflexes Back and neck pain and stiffness, Fatigue Fever Headache Muscle tenderness and[nigeriagalleria.com]

  • Bruxism

    Akathisia reactions occur as a subjective experience of motor restlessness.[pocketdentistry.com] This, too, will help relax your muscles and will prevent leg cramps, too. Pantothenic acid is found in multivitamins, and should be taken daily.[health911.com] Experimental sustained jaw clenching may provoke acute muscle tenderness, but it is not analogous to myogenous TMD pain, so such studies may not help clarify the clinical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fibromyalgia

    Chronic musculoskeletal pain affects quality of life, whereas fatigability influences motor response and ability to complete activities of daily living within an expedient[emedicine.com] Restless legs syndrome and leg cramps in fibromyalgia syndrome: a controlled study. BMJ 312: 1339. Google Scholar Crossref Medline[doi.org] A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    (tardive dystonia) or motor restlessness (tardive akathisia) Medication-induced postural tremor Tremor that occurs when one tries to hold a body part still, against the force[hopkinsguides.com] Some early symptoms include: A "dragging leg" Cramping of the foot Involuntary pulling of the neck Uncontrollable blinking Speech difficulties Stress or fatigue may bring[webmd.com] Botulinum neurotoxin type A (Dysport or Botox ) is injected into muscles that are painful, tender or visibly contracting.[netdoctor.co.uk]

  • Insect Bite

    […] activity can cause fasciculations, ataxia, restlessness and seizure-like movements. 13,14 Autonomic dysfunction can result in agitation, tachycardia, nausea and vomiting.[podiatrytoday.com] These spiders are roughly 1/3 inch wide and 1.5 inches long, counting their long legs.[firstderm.com] Look for one or two red fang marks, redness, tenderness, and a nodule at the bite site.[webmd.com]

  • Tendinitis

    […] neurone disease Trigger digits Rheumatoid arthritis (and almost any other form of arthritis) Raynaud's phenomenon/disease Restless limb syndrome (Restless legs) - which can[carpal-tunnel.net] Symptoms of tendinitis include: Pain near where a tendon joins a bone to muscle Swelling of tenderness near a joint such as the elbow, wrist or shoulder Difficulty moving[arthritispa.com] Typically, there is tenderness and warmth lateral to the hip just below the anterior inferior iliac spine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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