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23 Possible Causes for Leg Cramp, Muscle Tenderness, Opisthotonus

  • Tetanus

    Tetanus causes cramping of the muscles in the neck, arms, leg and stomach, and painful convulsions which can be severe enough to break bones.[] During hospitalization, the patient's clinical conditions worsened rapidly, and, although in absence of the classic clinical presentation (trisma, nuchal rigidity, and opisthotonus[] The diagnosis of tetanus was clinically made after the appearance of generalized spastic contractions with opisthotonus.[]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Some early symptoms include: A "dragging leg" Cramping of the foot Involuntary pulling of the neck Uncontrollable blinking Speech difficulties Stress or fatigue may bring[] Botulinum neurotoxin type A (Dysport or Botox ) is injected into muscles that are painful, tender or visibly contracting.[] On the torso, distortion of the spine, opisthotonus, as well as a tortipelvic crisis, which involves rigidity of the pelvic and abdominal musculature, can occur.[]

  • Gouty Arthritis

    Sore legs and feet, aching knees, inflammation in the lower extremities Shoulder and rotator cuff injury, including impingement syndrome Tennis Elbow, tendinitis, bursitis[] Osteoarthritis – x-ray, pain assessment, presence of deformity, evidence of muscle wasting, local inflammation, asymmetrical joints.[] The Greeks call the first opisthotonus, the next emprosthotonus, and the last tetanus, 22 although some with less exactitude use these terms indiscriminately.[]

  • Dysautonomia

    PCH September 2008 Mitochondria Encephalopathy: FASTKD 2 February 2008 Cramps HANAC Satoyoshi syndrome Exercise intolerance ISCU Long QT POLG : MSCAE SPG 10 New web address[] Other pain syndromes in GBS include the following: Myalgic complaints, with cramping and local muscle tenderness Visceral pain Pain associated with conditions of immobility[] Here we report a case of hanging associated anoxic brain injury resulting in severe dysautonomia and an extreme opisthotonus (arc de cercle).[]

  • Myelopathy

    You may feel them in your legs or feet. Compression in your lower back can cause pain and cramping in your legs.[] This includes: How well you can bend your neck and roll your head in all directions How well you can twist your neck If there is tenderness around the neck If there are muscle[] This permanent contraction is the reason for the typical signs of tetanus: risus sardonicus, opisthotonus, convulsion. see also : Tetanus, Tetanospasmin[]

  • Neuromuscular Junction Disorder

    Symptoms can include cramps, stiff muscles, weakness in an arm or a leg, slurred and nasal speech, and difficulty chewing or swallowing.[] The muscle may be tender for a day or two.[] "The contracted" Opisthotonus, By Sir Charles Bell (1809) Contracted body of a soldier suffering from tetanus. 26.[]

  • Infantile Beriberi

    Once again, B1 vitamin benefits include prevention of abnormal development of muscles and nerves, pricking and burning sensation in the toes and feet, leg cramps and atrophy[] Calf muscle tenderness, difficulty rising from a squatting position, and decreased vibratory sensation in the toes are early signs. Muscle wasting occurs.[] Opisthotonus is a characteristic of acute thiamin deficiency in birds and is described as due to a tetanic spasm in which the spine and extremities are bent backwards.[]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Spinal arachnoiditis (ALS) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis -Muscle weakness in one or more of the following: hands, arms, legs or the muscles of speech, swallowing or breathing[] […] neck (generally not present in children under the age of one year or in patients with altered mental state), back rigidity, bulging fontanelle (in infants), photophobia, opisthotonus[] Periodic attacks of abdominal cramps and vomiting are common.[]

  • Thiamine Deficiency

    Specifically, the clinical picture consists of toe paresthesias, burning in the feet, calf muscles cramping, leg pain, and plantar dysesthesias.[] Fig. 2 A shows a specimen suffering from opisthotonus and hanging wings. In fact, this specimen is dying while incubating. Fig. 2.[] Tenderness in the limb muscles has been reported anecdotally in patients with beriberi neuropathy, but clinical effects of thiamine deficiency on skeletal muscle have received[]

  • Proximal Myopathy with Extrapyramidal Signs

    , or genitals loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance loss of consciousness loss of heat from the body lower back or side pain mood or mental change muscle cramps[] […] weakness, impaired function in activities of daily life, and, rarely, muscle pain and tenderness.[] Pregnancy and Lactation: In newborn infants of mothers treated with phenothiazines during pregnancy, extrapyramidal reactions, including agitation, hypertonicity, opisthotonus[]

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