Possible Causes for Legionella Meningoencephalitis in USA

  • Legionnaires' Disease
    Legionella Meningoencephalitis Legionella Pneumophila

    Legionnaires' disease is a type of pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophila, which was first identified in July 1976, when an outbreak occurred among people attending the 58th annual convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia. Generally patients with Legionnaires' disease develop fever, chills, and cough that…[1]

  • Eosinophilic Meningoencephalitis
    Meningoencephalitis
  • Congenital Syphilis
    Meningoencephalitis

    Congenital syphilis is a potentially lethal disease caused by Treponema pallidum infections occurring during intrauterine development. Skin, mucosal and bone lesions are characteristic for congenital syphilis that may be further complicated by CNS symptoms. Children at high risk and confirmed cases should be treated…[2]

  • Kyasanur Forest Disease
    Meningoencephalitis

    Kyasanur forest disease is a viral infectious disease endemic to India whose causative agent belongs to the tick-borne encephalitis serocomplex of flaviviruses. Cases of KFD are only to be expected in endemic regions of southern India. Possibly, travelers who visited this area may have been exposed to infected…[3]

  • Listeriosis
    Meningoencephalitis

    Listeriosis is an infection, caused by a bacterium known as Listeria monocytogenes. An individual can be infected through the consumption of Listeria-infested food; senior citizens, patients with a weakened immune system and newborn children are the most high-risk population groups. L. monocytogenes is a bacterial…[4]

  • Cerebral Toxoplasmosis
    Meningoencephalitis
  • Q Fever
    Meningoencephalitis

    Q fever is a common zoonosis due to an infection caused by Coxiella burnetii. The infection is acquired via inhalation of droplets from animal urine, feces or placenta. Acute Q fever is a mild illness that may resolve spontaneously. Chronic Q fever is a serious life threatening illness that has a high mortality. Q fever…[5]

  • Poliomyelitis
    Meningoencephalitis

    Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease caused by poliovirus, a human enterovirus belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Poliomyelitis shows a wide range of possible clinical scenarios. In the majority of them (around 95%), the disease is asymptomatic or shows flu-like symptoms which do not represent a major concern for…[6]

  • Epidemic Typhus
    Meningoencephalitis

    Epidemic typhus is the most severe form of rickettsial infections. This louse-borne typhus is an acute febrile illness that features a headache, rash, myalgia, vasculitis, and is complicated by severe central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, gangrene, and high rates of death in untreated individuals. It is…[7]

  • Behçet Disease
    Meningoencephalitis

    Behcet’s syndrome or Behcet’s disease is a multisystem inflammatory disease characterized by oral aphthous ulcers and a myriad potential systemic manifestations. Behcet’s syndrome is confirmed in the presence of any two of the following criteria: Recurrent genital ulcers Anterior or posterior uveitis or retinal…[8]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms

References

  1. Legionnaires' Disease, Symptoma
  2. Congenital Syphilis, Symptoma
  3. Kyasanur Forest Disease, Symptoma
  4. Listeriosis, Symptoma
  5. Q Fever, Symptoma
  6. Poliomyelitis, Symptoma
  7. Epidemic Typhus, Symptoma
  8. Behçet Disease, Symptoma