30 Possible Causes for Leishmaniasis in USA

  • Leishmaniasis

    Generally, these presenting signs and symptoms governs the majority of leishmaniasis cases: Systemic signs of fever, weight loss, fatigue and dizziness are common in leishmaniasis … This is the most sensitive test available for leishmaniasis. … Pentavalent antimonials have cure rate of 90%-97% for leishmaniasis.[1]

  • Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (also known as oriental sore, tropical sore, chiclero ulcer, chiclero's ulcer or Aleppo boil) is the most common form of leishmaniasis affecting humans … Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is an especially disturbing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis, because it produces destructive and disfiguring lesions of the face. … Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is very difficult to treat.[2]

  • Urban Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
    Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis Visceral Leishmaniasis

    Urban cutaneous leishmaniasis is a term describing the appearance of this parasitic infection in cities and urban areas. … Leishmaniasis, affecting more than two million individuals every year in various parts of the world, is an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania. … However, a growing number of reports have confirmed a transmission of Leishmaniasis between humans through sand fly vectors in endemic and highly populated areas.[3]

  • Insect Bite

    Such phenomena have been observed in mosquitos transmitting malaria and leishmaniasis, for instance. … However, biting insects may also transmit serious diseases, e.g., malaria, leishmaniasis and Chagas disease.[4]

  • Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
    New World Leishmaniasis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Diffuse Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis

    Leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection that is endemic in some areas of Latin America, the Middle East, North Africa, and the Mediterranean. … Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the three main clinical types of the disease. … hosts that are already infected, in which case the term anthroponotic leishmaniasis is used).[5]

  • Visceral Leishmaniasis
    Leishmaniasis

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, black fever, and Dumdum fever, is the most severe form of leishmaniasis and, without proper diagnosis and treatment, … Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the Leishmania genus. … CD8+ T regulatory cells are also associated with post kala azar dermal leishmaniasis.[6]

  • Pentamidine

    Pentamidine is an antimicrobial medication used to treat African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, and to prevent and treat pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in people … It is an option for both visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. … Treatment of PCP caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii Prevention of PCP in adults with HIV who have one or both of the following: History of PCP CD4+ count ≤ 200mm³ Treatment of leishmaniasis[7]

  • Sodium Stibogluconate

    Sodium stibogluconate, sold under the brand name Pentostam among others, is a medication used to treat leishmaniasis. … This includes leishmaniasis of the cutaneous, visceral, and mucosal types. … It can also be given intralesionally when treating cutaneous leishmaniasis (i.e., injected directly into the area of infected skin) and again, this is exceedingly painful[8]

  • Antimony Poisoning

    Antimony poisoning can also be caused by antimonials used to treat other diseases, such as leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis. … Pentavalent antimonials used to cure leishmaniasis can induce poisoning which may rarely manifest with cardiotoxicity and death. … leukopenia and acute renal failure can also be ways in which antimony poisoning from therapeutic agents can present, especially in HIV-positive patients suffering from visceral leishmaniasis[9]

  • Pancytopenia

    anemia Gaucher's disease metastatic carcinoma of bone Multiple Myeloma overwhelming infections Lymphoma myelofibrosis Dyskeratosis congenita Myelodysplastic syndrome Leukemia Leishmaniasis[10]

Further symptoms

References

  1. Leishmaniasis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  2. Cutaneous leishmaniasis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  3. Urban Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  4. Insect Bite, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  5. Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  6. Visceral leishmaniasis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  7. Pentamidine, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  8. Sodium stibogluconate, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  9. Antimony Poisoning, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  10. Pancytopenia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…