Arteriosclerosis is defined as the pathological condition in which the walls of arteries thicken, harden and lose their elasticity.
There is not a clinical manifestation for arteriosclerosis until plaques begin to seriously reduce blood flow to a main organ. Obviously, the nature of the clinical signs depends on the organ…
Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder characterized by elevated serum levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins. Affected individuals present with cardiovascular disorders at an early age.
Because FH is a genetic disorder inherited with a dominant trait, familial anamnesis is of utmost…
Carotid stenosis is a narrowing or constriction of the inner surface (lumen) of the carotid artery, usually caused by atherosclerosis.
The carotid artery is the large artery whose pulse can be felt on both sides of the neck under the jaw. On the right side it starts from the brachiocephalic trunk (a branch of…
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or…
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is an inherited condition which leads to extremely elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
HoFH is a genetic condition with varying clinical presentation; the type of mutation that the patient is affected by determines the severity of the…