Setleis syndrome belongs to a group of focal facial dermal dysplasias (often termed focal facial dermal dysplasia type 3), genetic disorders characterized by bitemporal scar-like or atrophic skin lesions that resemble forceps marks. Several clinical features are used to distinguish Setleis syndrome, and the diagnosis…
Cluster headache is a condition, characterized by recurrent severe headaches particularly on one side of the head. It is a neurological disorder, wherein the affected individuals would also experience associated symptoms such as conjunctival injection, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, miosis or ptosis. Development of…
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) Diabetes mellitus Sarcoidosis Drugs (such as corticosteroids, gold, intravenous heroin) Malignancy (cancer) Bacterial infections, e.g. leprosy
The rheumatoid nodule is the most common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. They occur in about 20 to 25% patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid nodules are usually situated near bony structures close to a joint and primarily located in the subcutaneous tissue.
Noma (cancrum oris, gangrenous stomatitis) is a severe gangrenous disease of orofacial tissues seen in malnourished children. Before necrosis the following are common presentations: Poor oral hygiene Excessive salivation Malodour from the mouth Grey discoloration Gingival ulcer formation These are followed by rapid,…
Systemic lupus erythematosus, abbreviated as SLE, is an autoimmune disease which primarily strikes women. Majority of the individuals with SLE experience joint pain, accompanied by swelling. Arthritis is also a common complaint. In addition to these, individuals also experience pain in chest, hair loss, and development of…
Acrodynia is a condition of pain and dusky pink discoloration in the hands and feet most often seen in children chronically exposed to heavy metals, especially mercury. The word acrodynia is derived from the Greek, where ακρος means end or extremity and οδυνη means pain. As such, it might be (erroneously) used to…