Bacterial Skin Infections LeprosyLeprosy is caused by a slow-growing type of bacteria called Mycobacteriumleprae (M. leprae).[webmd.com]Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease, after the scientist who discovered M. leprae in 1873.[webmd.com][…] species cause syphilis , yaws and pinta Bartonella species cause cat scratch fever , bacillary angiomatosis and bartonellosis Mycobacterium species cause tuberculosis , leprosy[dermnetnz.org]
Leprosy may also be divided into: Early and indeterminate leprosy Tuberculoid leprosy Borderline tuberculoid leprosy Borderline leprosy Borderline lepromatous leprosy Lepromatous[en.wikipedia.org]leprosy.[en.wikipedia.org]World Leprosy Day was started in 1954 to draw awareness to those affected by leprosy.[en.wikipedia.org]
Differential Diagnosis: Brucellosis, leprosy, schistosomiasis, trypanosomiasis (African), leukemia, lymphoma, malaria, typhoid, liver diseases, other entities.[wynman.com]Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) is characterized by non-ulcerating nodules over the entire body, resembling lepromatous leprosy and is usually associated with L. mexicana[wynman.com]Differential Diagnosis: Numerous primary and secondary skin diseases/conditions such as other tropical ulcers, impetigo, infected insect bites, leprosy, lupus vulgaris, tertiary[wynman.com]
Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is an infection caused by the acid-fast, rod-shaped bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. Untreated, leprosy causes progressive and permanent damage to the skin, eyes, nerves and limbs.