236 Possible Causes for Leptomeningeal Metastasis

  • Malignant Neoplasm

    Definition : An aggressive, high-grade and poorly differentiated carcinoma with neuroendocrine differentiation that arises from the pancreas. The mitotic count is more than 20 per 10 HPF. According to the size of the malignant cells, the prominence of the nucleoli, and the amount of cytoplasm, it is classified either[…][sideeffects.embl.de]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones , primarily cortisol ; but may also include impaired production of aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid ), which regulates sodium conservation, potassium secretion, and water retention. [1] [2] Craving for[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome

    The relevance of intraventricular chemotherapy for leptomeningeal metastasis in breast cancer: A randomised study.[cancerjournal.net]

  • Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor

    Radiation-induced intradural malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the caudaequina with diffuse leptomeningeal metastasis. J Neurosurg Spine 2014;12:1-8. 3.[neurologyindia.com]

  • Procarbazine

    metastasis Unable to comply with the study protocol Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study[clinicaltrials.gov] […] in situ of the cervix maternity or breastfeeding Evidence of active infection within 2 weeks prior to study Previous treatment with procarbazine and/or CCNU Evidence of leptomeningeal[clinicaltrials.gov]

  • Rhabdomyosarcoma

    Leptomeningeal metastasis was found (Figure 1).[omicsonline.org]

  • Lomustine

    metastasis Unable to comply with the study protocol Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study[clinicaltrials.gov] […] in situ of the cervix maternity or breastfeeding Evidence of active infection within 2 weeks prior to study Previous treatment with procarbazine and/or CCNU Evidence of leptomeningeal[clinicaltrials.gov]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    The estimated incidence of leptomeningeal metastasis in clinical and autopsy series of patients with breast cancer is 2–5 and 3–6%, respectively ( 6 ).[spandidos-publications.com] PubMed/NCBI 22 Scott BJ and Kesari S: Leptomeningeal metastases in breast cancer. Am J Cancer Res. 3:117–126. 2013.[spandidos-publications.com] View Article : Google Scholar : PubMed/NCBI 9 Bruna J, Simó M and Velasco R: Leptomeningeal metastases. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 14:402–415. 2012.[spandidos-publications.com]

  • Radiculopathy

    Other tumors that may produce leptomeningeal metastasis include melanoma, lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, and sarcoma.[neurospine.wordpress.com] metastasis Infectious Herpes zoster (HZ) Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) HIV/AIDS-related polyradiculopathy Lyme disease Inflammatory/metabolic Diabetic amyotrophy Ankylosing[neurospine.wordpress.com] Primary tumors Ependymoma Schwannoma Neurofibroma Lymphoma Lipoma Dermoid Epidermoid Hemangioblastoma Paraganglioma Ganglioneuroma Osteoma Plasmacytoma Metastatic tumors Leptomeningeal[neurospine.wordpress.com]

  • Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndrome

    metastasis infections toxicity of chemotherapies viral brainstem encephalitis demyelinating disease Creutzfeld-Jakob disease infarction, hypothyroidism alcoholic and hereditary[slideshare.net] Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration • Diagnosis – recognize characteristic clinical syndrome – exclude other causes of late-onset cerebellopathy • • • • • • • • 10:41 PM Leptomeningeal[slideshare.net]

Further symptoms