Lerichesyndrome classically presents in the form of a triad of specific symptoms. … The baseline that initiates the disease process in Lerichesyndrome is injury to the arterial wall. … Lerichesyndrome has varied presentations depending on the underlying pattern of atherosclerosis.
A paradoxical embolism, also called a crossed embolism, refers to an embolus which is carried from the venous side of circulation to the arterial side, or vice versa. It is a kind of stroke or other form of arterial thrombosis caused by embolism of a thrombus (blood clot), air, tumor, fat, or amniotic fluid of venous…
An aneurysm is a localized bulge in the wall of an artery to about 50% or more of its original diameter. It can occur in a number of vessels and when it happens in the abdominal part of the aorta, it is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Most cases are usually asymptomatic until they expand considerably or…
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder of multiple etiology, characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There are four main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2…
Arteriosclerosis is defined as the pathological condition in which the walls of arteries thicken, harden and lose their elasticity.
There is not a clinical manifestation for arteriosclerosis until plaques begin to seriously reduce blood flow to a main organ. Obviously, the nature of the clinical signs depends on the organ…
An atrial myxoma (AM) is a primary cardiac tumor located in one of the atria of the heart. This benign neoplasm most frequently affects the left atrium.
Symptoms manifest due to limited heart function or even heart failure and thus include orthopnea and dyspnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, but also pulmonary…
Atrial fibrillation is a clinical condition characterized by a rapid and irregularly regular atrial rhythm of the heart. This usually presents as palpitations, dyspnea, dizziness, fatigue, and weakness among afflicted patients. The irregular atrial rhythm in atrial fibrillation raises the risk for embolic stroke among…