Pancreatic pseudocyst is a collection of pancreatic secretions encapsulated by granulation and fibrous tissue and occurs primarily in the setting of either acute and chronic pancreatitis. Clinical course may be asymptomatic, while abdominal pain, vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms are reported. The diagnosis…
Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. The most common symptoms and signs include severe, dull epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia and fever. Alcohol consumption and biliary stone disease cause most cases of acute pancreatitis.
The most common presenting sign of acute…
Fungal species of the genus Fusarium are opportunistic pathogens and may cause fusariosis. Immunocompromised patients are particularly prone to Fusarium infection and in these individuals, hematogenous spread of pathogens may lead to disseminated, life-threatening disease.
Patients suffering from fusariosis usually…
Diabetic macular edema is a complication of diabetes caused by fluid accumulation in the macula, or central portion of the eye. The macula is filled with cones, the nerve cells that are responsible for sensing light. When the macula begins to fill with fluid, the ability of those cells to sense light is impaired, causing…
Most abscesses are caused by an infection with staphylococcal bacteria. When bacteria enter the body, the immune system sends white blood cells to fight the infection. This causes swelling (inflammation) at the site of infection and the death of nearby tissue. A cavity is created, which fills with pus to form an…