Question

    33 Possible Causes for Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency in USA

    • Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome
      Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency
    • Hypoalbuminemia

      J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 22(6) :631-639 Zimmerman KL et al (2013) Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I in a mixed-breed dog. … adhesion deficiency [8] Clinical hypoalbumineia may be non-specific, but in severe cases, peripheral ventral abdominal and limb edema, ascites and dyspnea due to pleural … ] due to enteric parasites , ulcerative colitis , gastritis , gastric carcinoma [4] or lymphoma Parasites - Leishmania infantum [5] Canine parvovirus [6] Peritonitis [7] Leukocyte[1]

    • Osteosclerosis

      adhesion deficiency syndrome (LAD-III) Intermediate osteopetrosis Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (Albers-Schonberg) Pyknodysostosis (osteopetrosis acro-osteolytica) Osteopoikilosis … Malignant infantile osteopetrosis Neuropathic infantile osteopetrosis Infantile osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis Infantile osteopetrosis with immunodeficiency IO with leukocyte[2]

    • Omphalitis

      Commonly Associated Conditions Leukocyte adhesion deficiency Omphalitis may be the initial manifestation of one of the leukocyte adhesion deficiencies (LADs). … (leukocyte adhesion deficiency LAD) Delay of separation of the cord in healthy neonates may be caused by urachal anomalies The cord is colonized by organism from the vagina … Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency, an autosomal recessive disease, may occur with CD18 deficiency.[3] [4] [5]

    • Immune System Disorder

      Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) NF-κB Essential Modifier (NEMO) Mutations Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency: the most common defect of the humoral immunity, characterized[6]

    • Primary Immune Deficiency Disorder

      adhesion deficiency type 1 Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 2 Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 3 RAC2 deficiency ( Neutrophil immunodeficiency syndrome ) Beta-actin deficiency … Kostmann syndrome Neutropenia with cardiac and urogenital malformations Glycogen storage disease type 1b Cyclic neutropenia X-linked neutropenia/myelodysplasia P14 deficiency Leukocyte[7]

    • Acute Inflammation

      adhesion deficiency type I and type II. … In leukocyte adhesion deficiency type II , a defect in fucose metabolism results in the absence of sialyl Lewis X, the ligand for E-selectin and P-selectin. … The importance of adhesion molecules is emphasized by the clinical genetic deficiencies in adhesion molecules: In leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I , there is a defect[8]

    • Factor XI Deficiency

      Low incidence of bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency (BLAD) carriers in Indian cattle and buffalo breeds. … adhesion deficiency syndrome in Indian dairy cattle ( Bos taurus, Bos indicus ) and buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) population. … adhesion deficiency syndrome (BLAD), deficiency of uridine monophosphate synthase (DUMPS) and citrullinaemia in order to prevent the propagation of these genetic diseases[9]

    • Chronic Periodontitis

      Leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndromes 4.[10]

    • Congenital Disorders

      NORD has a general report on the leukocyte adhesion deficiencies. … This disorder was formerly known as CDG-IIc and is also known as leukocyte adhesion deficiency type II. … CDG-IIc (SLC35C1-CDG) is more commonly referred to as leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome II (LAD II).[11] [12]

    Further symptoms

    Similar symptoms

    References

    1. Hypoalbuminemia - Dog, http://www.vetbook.org/wiki/dog/index.php?title…
    2. Osteosclerosis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteosclerosis
    3. Omphalitis, https://www.symptoma.com/en/info/omphalitis
    4. Omphalitis | Pediatrics Clerkship | The University of Chicago, https://pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu/page/omphalitis
    5. Omphalitis | Select 5-Minute Pediatrics Topics, https://www.unboundmedicine.com/5minute/view/Se…
    6. Immune disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immune_disorder
    7. Primary immunodeficiency - Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_immunodeficiency
    8. General Pathology � Theme 5: The Acute Inflammatory Response, http://www.geocities.ws/m4pathology/Notes/Gener…
    9. Factor XI deficiency in Indian Bos taurus, Bos indicus, Bos taurus x Bos indicus crossbreds and Bubalus bubalis, http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_artt…
    10. Perio Desease Classification, AAP detailed, http://www.drotterholt.com/perioclassificationAAP.html
    11. Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders), http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/congenita…
    12. Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation, CDG, http://themedicalbiochemistrypage.org/cdgs.php