14 Possible Causes for Leukonychia in USA

  • Chronic Liver Disease

    encephalopathy) Hyperventilation (encephalopathy) Metabolic flap/asterixis (encephalopathy) Jaundice (excretory dysfunction) Ascites (portal hypertension and hypoalbuminemia) Leukonychia[1]

  • Onycholysis

    Patients with hepatocellular dysfunction may develop hair-thinning or hair loss and nail changes such as clubbing, leukonychia (whitening), or onycholysis, affecting the nails[2]

  • Pancreatic Insufficiency

    Over time, weight loss, anorexia, muscle wasting and flatulence ensue, while severe cases suffer from profound hypoalbuminemia that can manifest with leukonychia.[3]

  • Psoriatic Arthritis

    Dermatological abnormalities: Acne, deformities of the nails (such as Beau lines, leukonychia,pitting, ridging and cracking) along with scaly patches on the skin (psoriasis[4]

  • Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C is a viral infection caused by the hepatitis C virus. A mildly symptomatic chronic illness is observed in the majority of cases. But because of its risk of progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma which can both be life-threatening, timely detection is necessary. Detection of specific antibodies…[5]

  • Arsenic Poisoning

    As the poisoning develops, convulsions and changes in fingernail pigmentation called leukonychia striata (Mees's lines, or Aldrich-Mees's lines) may occur.[6]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Muehrcke's nails; white lines (leukonychia) that extend all the way across the nail and lie parallel to the lunula The main signs of nephrotic syndrome are: A proteinuria[7]

  • Lead Poisoning

    Although less common, it is possible for fingernails to develop leukonychia striata if exposed to abnormally high lead concentrations.[8]

  • Congenital Leukonychia
    Leukonychia Punctata
  • Diabetes Mellitus
    Leukonychia Punctata

    Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder of multiple etiology, characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There are four main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2…[9]

Further symptoms


  1. Chronic liver disease, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  2. Onycholysis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  3. Pancreatic Insufficiency, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  4. Psoriatic Arthritis, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  5. Hepatitis C, https://www.symptoma.com/en…
  6. Arsenic poisoning, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  7. Nephrotic syndrome, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  8. Lead poisoning, https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…
  9. Diabetes Mellitus, https://www.symptoma.com/en…