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289 Possible Causes for Leukonychia, Liver Cirrhosis

  • Hepatitis C

    The second was a 63-year-old male with HCV-related liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma who failed to respond to PEG-IFN/RBV after living donor LT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Serologic test results reflecting liver cirrhosis were all negative, and ultrasound showed no abnormalities in the liver.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most importantly, however, is the progression to liver cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), seen in about 5-20% of chronically infected patients[symptoma.com]

  • Nail Abnormality

    […] culture, echo if suspect endocarditis derm consult RE biopsy nail if suspect nail tumor Pain ddx paronychia, ingrown nail, herpetic whitlow, nail trauma Discoloration ddx Leukonychia[mdhero.com] The liver function tests showed hypoalbuminemia and elevated serum transaminases while liver ultrasonography showed coarse echotexture compatible with liver cirrhosis.[e-mfp.org] Sometimes leukonychia is associated with poor health or nutritional deficiencies.[healthline.com]

  • Pancreatic Insufficiency

    Over time, weight loss, anorexia, muscle wasting and flatulence ensue, while severe cases suffer from profound hypoalbuminemia that can manifest with leukonychia.[symptoma.com] A total of 154 patients were included, 129 with alcoholic liver disease (83 with cirrhosis) and 25 with nonalcoholic liver disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with alcoholic liver disease had a high prevalence of EPI and CP; this prevalence was even higher in patients who have not yet developed cirrhosis with liver failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Enamel Hypoplasia

    The nails have Beau lines (transverse ridges) and leukonychia (white spots).[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] It is characterized by the progressive accumulation of copper in the body leading to liver cirrhosis and neuropsychological deterioration.[omicsonline.org] The toenails have transverse ridges (Beau lines) and the fingernails exhibit leukonychia.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Zinc Deficiency

    Fingernails White spots on nails (Leukonychia) Weak nails that peel easily (A) Brittle nails (A) Ultra-thin nails (can cause nail biting) Horizontal ridges on nails (A) Slow[adhd-support.org.uk] Zinc supplements have been reported to improve psychometric performance in liver cirrhosis, but the importance of zinc deficiency in overt hepatic encephalopathy has not yet[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This finding, also referred to as leukonychia, is a common side effect of zinc deficiency. Dietary Sources of Zinc Zinc is primarily found in animal based foods.[glutenfreesociety.org]

  • Chronic Liver Disease

    […] encephalopathy) Hyperventilation (encephalopathy) Metabolic flap/ asterixis (encephalopathy) Jaundice (excretory dysfunction) Ascites (portal hypertension and hypoalbuminemia) Leukonychia[en.wikipedia.org] Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) 13 kPa was used as a cutoff suggesting possible liver cirrhosis (LC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stigmata of CLD – jaundice, clubbing, leukonychia, palmar erythema, spider naevi, Common Presentations gynaecomastia, testicular atrophy i.[slideshare.net]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Signs: hepatosplenomegaly, scleral jaundice, leukonychia, clubbing, palmar erythema, spider naevi, telangiectasia, hepatic fetor, ecchymosis, peripheral oedema, muscle wasting[kenhub.com] Overview What is liver cirrhosis? Liver cirrhosis refers to a shrunken, scarred and hardened liver with failure of liver function.[singhealth.com.sg] Thus, PVT prevalence is low (1%) in compensated liver cirrhosis and up to 28% in decompensated liver cirrhosis [ 6 – 8 ].[intechopen.com]

  • Cryptogenic Cirrhosis

    Regression of cirrhosis Clinical features General (nonspecific): malaise, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss Specific (due to impaired liver function): Impaired protein synthesis (leukonychia[pathologyoutlines.com] liver cirrhosis.[livercirrhosiscurednaturally.com] Recently, it has become clear that nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the most common cause of cryptogenic liver cirrhosis.[link.springer.com]

  • Macronodular Cirrhosis

    Regression of cirrhosis Clinical features General (nonspecific): malaise, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss Specific (due to impaired liver function): Impaired protein synthesis (leukonychia[pathologyoutlines.com] This case is an exceptional one because association of its location with cirrhosis. Key words: Ectopic liver, left-sided intrathoracic liver, cirrhosis.[new.medigraphic.com] Product name Liver macronodular cirrhosis Cat.[xelonet.com]

  • KID Syndrome

    The skin features of Bart-Pumphrey syndrome include hyperkeratotic plaques over knuckles and the dorsal digital joints (knuckle pads), leukonychia (white nails) and palmoplantar[genedx.com] The proposita was similar to the latter patients in having progressive cirrhosis necessitating liver transplantation; she also had short stature (10/35 patients) and mental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Older patients with likely autosomal recessive disease have hepatomegaly and may suffer cirrhosis and liver failure.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

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