32 Possible Causes for Leukoplakia in USA

  • Hairy Leukoplakia
    Hairy Leukoplakia of the Tongue

    Depending upon what definition of leukoplakia is used, hairy leukoplakia is sometimes considered a subtype of leukoplakia, or a distinct diagnosis. … Hairy leukoplakia (also known as oral hairy leukoplakia, OHL, or HIV-associated hairy leukoplakia), is a white patch on the side of the tongue with a corrugated or hairy appearance … Hairy leukoplakia is a patch of white observed laterally on the tongue with a typical ridged appearance.[1] [2]

  • Oral Leukoplakia

    Together with the size of the lesion (the diameter of either one or multiple leukoplakias < 2cm, 2-4 cm or > 4 cm are designated as L1, L2, and L3), oral leukoplakias are … Oral leukoplakia is a white patch or plaque that develops in the oral cavity and is strongly associated with tobacco smoking. … The definition of oral leukoplakia has undergone numerous revisions from its introduction in the medical literature.[3]

  • Dyskeratosis Congenita
    Oral Leukoplakia

    These often occur within sites of leukoplakia. … The leukoplakia may become verrucous, and ulceration may occur. … Oral leukoplakia that manifests in form of white patches that cover the oral mucosa.[4] [5]

  • Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome

    In addition to HHS-specific sequelae, HHS patients frequently present with the mucocutaneous triad of nail dysplasia, lacy skin pigmentation, and oral leukoplakia Although … [6]

  • Primary HIV Infection

    Oral thrush, hairy leukoplakia, and aphthous ulcers may be seen on oropharyngeal examination. … Oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia, herpes lesions and aphthous ulcers can be diagnosed clinically.[7]

  • Tongue Disease

    Oral hairy leukoplakia (seen in people with immunosuppression, caused by Epstein-Barr virus) Oral candidiasis can affect the tongue. … Leukoplakia - can affect the tongue Tongue coating - food debris, desquamated epithelial cells and bacteria often form a visible tongue coating.[8]

  • Oral Candidiasis

    If candidal leukoplakia is suspected, a biopsy may be indicated. … Another term for hyperplastic candidiasis is "candidal leukoplakia". … This term is a largely historical synonym for this subtype of candidiasis, rather than a true leukoplakia.[9]

  • White Sponge Nevus

    it is often mistaken for leukoplakia.[10]

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder

    The surface is necrotic with shed keratin fragments and signs of leukoplakia.[11]

  • Lichen Planus

    Plaque-like appearing as a white patch which may resemble leukoplakia. … Chronic ulcerative stomatitis Frictional keratosis and Morsicatio buccarum (chronic cheek biting) Oral leukoplakia Oral candidiasis There is no cure for lichen planus, and … [12]

Further symptoms


  1. Hairy Leukoplakia, Symptoma
  2. Hairy leukoplakia, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  3. Oral Leukoplakia, Symptoma
  4. Dyskeratosis Congenita, Symptoma
  5. Dyskeratosis congenita, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  6. Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  7. Primary HIV Infection, Symptoma
  8. Tongue disease, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  9. Oral candidiasis, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  10. White sponge nevus, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  11. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder, Symptoma
  12. Lichen planus, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0