DLB is a progressive deterioration of cognitive function distinguished by the presence of characteristic Lewy bodies in brain parenchyma.
Cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CHD) such as tetralogy or pentalogy of Fallot, L- or D- transposition of great arteries, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, truncus arteriosus or tricuspid valve abnormalities are severe, potentially life-threatening conditions. Clinical presentation may differ, as…
Amebic liver abscess results as a complication of an amebic infection. It is diagnosed through evaluation of clinical and epidemiologic factors as well as serologic and possibly imaging studies. Amebic liver abscess is a complication of amebiasis, which is transmitted via the feco-oral route through infected humans. The…
Subdural empyema is a collection of pus that accumulates in the space between the dura mater and arachnoid mater. This is a life-threatening condition that should be diagnosed and treated urgently. In most cases, it emerges as a complication of paranasal sinusitis or otitis media. Subdural empyema (SDE) is a…
Powassan encephalitis is a rare infection caused by Powassan virus in specific regions of North America, Canada, and Russia. The virus is transmitted by a tick bite, and constitutional symptoms followed by a range of neurological deficits, including altered consciousness, are typical features. The diagnosis rests on…
Orbital cellulitis is an infection of the eye that may be caused by a bacteria or a fungus. It typically presents with a redden, painful and swollen eye. In most cases, the infection is acquired from the adjacent facial sinuses. The infection may even be acquired hematogenously from other parts of the face and can…
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of central nervous system caused by larva of the tapeworm Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). Depending upon number, location and stage of cysticerci (viable, degenerating or involuted/calcified), presenting symptoms can be particularly varied. Inflammatory response of host also…