Possible Causes for Ligneous Conjunctivitis in USA

  • Bacterial Infections

    Bacterial infection is the invasion of a host organism by pathogenic bacteria, their multiplication and the reaction of the host organism.[1]

  • Relapsing Fever

    Relapsing fever is a condition characterized by episodes of fever, headache, myalgias, arthralgias, and nausea followed by a few days of improvement after which there is a recurrence of symptoms. It is caused by some species of Borrelia spirochetes and can be of two types: the tick-borne relapsing fever and the…[2]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection caused by Coccidioides. Coccidioidomycosis may occur initially as a mild acute diseases referred to as “Valley fever” but can later progress into a more serious form of the disease that may be in chronic or disseminated form. The symptomatology of coccidioidomycosis and its…[3]

  • Kawasaki Disease

    Kawasaki disease (Kawasaki syndrome, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that primarily affects infants and children. Symptoms include a fever lasting more than 5 days, macular-papular erythematous rash, adenopathy, bilateral conjunctival injection and swelling of the…[4]

  • Common Cold

    Common cold refers to any specific viral or group of viral diseases that affect the parts of the upper respiratory tract like the sinuses (sinusitis) and the pharynx (pharyngitis). It sometimes affects the eyes causing conjunctivitis. The typical symptoms are cough, which is milder most of the times. They may also…[5]

  • Leptospirosis

    Leptospirosis is an infectious disease which occurs in humans, rodents and other wild and domesticated species.  There is a wide range of symptoms that can occur in humans who are affected by leptospirosis even though some people will be asymptomatic. Since the disease is considered a biphasic disease it presents…[6]

  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

    Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a dangerous drug-induced skin lesion characterized by extensive, mucocutaneous blistering. Toxic epidermal necrolysis usually begins with flu-like prodrome, with a high-grade fever, sore-throat, cough, runny nose, redness of eyes, decreased appetite, malaise, arthralgia, myalgia, and…[7]

  • Scleritis and Episcleritis
  • Muckle Wells Syndrome

    Muckle Wells syndrome (MWS) is a rare genetic disorder that causes recurrent episodes of fever, skin rash, arthralgia/arthritis, and inflammation of the eye. Additionally, it is associated with serious complications such as bilateral sensorineural deafness and amyloidosis. CAPS consists of three different diseases that…[8]

  • Bell's Palsy

    Facial nerve paralysis is a condition characterized by paralysis of one or all of the branches of the facial nerve. Bell’s palsy is unilateral weakness of the muscles of the face. It occurs when there is an injury to the seventh cranial nerve leading to drooping of one half of the face. It is also known as idiopathic…[9]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms


  1. Bacterial Infections, Symptoma
  2. Relapsing Fever, Symptoma
  3. Coccidioidomycosis, Symptoma
  4. Kawasaki Disease, Symptoma
  5. Common Cold, Symptoma
  6. Leptospirosis, Symptoma
  7. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, Symptoma
  8. Muckle Wells Syndrome, Symptoma
  9. Bell's Palsy, Symptoma