Possible Causes for Limbic Encephalitis in USA

  • Paraneoplastic Syndrome

    The pathophysiology of paraneoplastic syndrome is a complex one. There are basically two theories defining the onset of such a kind of syndrome. The preliminary one states that the immune system of individuals with cancer behaves in an abnormal fashion and begins attacking the normal cells along with the tumor…[1]

  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis

    Hildenbrand P, Craven DE, Jones R, Nemeskal P. Lyme neuroborreliosis: manifestations of a rapidly emerging zoonosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009;30(6):1079-1087. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Lyme disease-United States, 2003-2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2007;56(23):573-576. Sinha A, Dietzman…[2]

  • Hypogammaglobulinemia

    Most important causes of hypogammaglobulinemia are: X-linked agammaglobulinemia, caused by deficiency of tyrosine kinase BTK enzyme characterized by the appearance of infections during infancy, as well as neutropenia and lymphoid hypoplasia. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), a multifactorial disease belonging to…[3]

  • Japanese Encephalitis
    California Encephalitis

    Japanese encephalitis is a type of infection in which the host in unable to produce any antibodies against this virus, thereby allowing it to cross the blood brain barrier and produce brain infestations. Japanese encephalitis develops after an incubation period of 5-15 days in patients during which the virus multiplies…[4]

  • Powassan Encephalitis
    California Encephalitis

    Powassan virus (POWV) belongs to the group of flaviviruses, and is a rare but possibly fatal cause of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in the Northeastern United States (New York, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Maine, Vermont, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania), Canada (Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick…[5]

  • St. Louis Encephalitis
    California Encephalitis

    Saint Louis encephalitis is a disease caused by the Mansonia pseudotitillans mosquito borne Saint Louis encephalitis virus. Saint Louis encephalitis virus is related to Japanese encephalitis virus and is a member of the Flaviviridae subgroup. This disease mainly affects the United States. Occasional cases have been…[6]

  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis
    California Encephalitis

    Important points to consider in patient history are outdoor exposures, recent travels, social history, insect bite history, work/home in high-risk areas, exposure to areas with high prevalence of mosquitoes and work related to marshes or horses. The presentation is similar to typical viral diseases starting from…[7]

  • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis
    California Encephalitis

    Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) has been associated with epidemics in South and Central America, especially regions of Colombia, although it has not shown a resurgence recently. The symptoms and signs of the disease resemble those of several other acute, febrile, infectious illnesses like dengue fever. So the…[8]

  • Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus
    California Encephalitis
  • Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
    California Encephalitis

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms


  1. Paraneoplastic Syndrome, Symptoma
  2. Lyme Neuroborreliosis, Symptoma
  3. Hypogammaglobulinemia, Symptoma
  4. Japanese Encephalitis, Symptoma
  5. Powassan Encephalitis, Symptoma
  6. Wikipedia: Saint Louis encephalitis, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  7. Eastern Equine Encephalitis, Symptoma
  8. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis, Symptoma