Bacterial arthritis is predominantly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, streptococci, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Joint pain and swelling (involving either one or more joints), as well as fever, are three cardinal symptoms seen in these patients. The diagnosis can be made after a proper physical examination, while the…
Congenital hip dysplasia describes a medical condition characterized by an abnormal development of the hip joint.
Congenital hip dysplasia is frequently asymptomatic. This is why screening procedures are extremely important, especially after birth. Signs and symptoms that may be present include increase in the range…
A knee sprain occurs when the ligament(s) of the knee sustains damage. Sprains result from sports and recreational activities, direct knee contact, or falls. Knee trauma is particularly common in young athletes.
The patient history for a knee sprain, especially that of an ACL tear, is positive for a popping…
Osteoarthritis of the knee describes a chronic, degenerative disease of the knee joints that is associated with cartilage damage, functional impairment and pain. The disease may be triggered by genetic predisposition, age, trauma or other pathological conditions.
Patients usually present with inflamed knees and…
Sever disease is a common and painful inflammation of the calcaneal apophysis.
The following symptoms commonly presents with calcaneal apophysitis or Sever disease: Pain and swelling at the posterior heel Walking on toes Pain is aggravated with use of heel Limping Difficulty in running and jumping Tenderness when the…
Delayed onset muscle soreness is a state of muscular pain, occurring 24 to 48 hours after intense or prolonged muscular activity. The mechanism of delayed onset muscle soreness is not completely understood.