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11 Possible Causes for Lip Cyanosis, Localized Edema, Tracheal Injury

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] The heart rate is usually over 120 per minute, the pulse may be very weak and the lips and fingernail beds may be blue (cyanosis).[publications.americanalpineclub.org] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] However, mechanical ventilation can lead to lung injury by different mechanisms, with subsequent diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, and local production of inflammatory[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] (including lips and tongue), sweating, tachycardia, hypertension or other signs of adrenergic stimulation.[xlung.net] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    In special cases where ECMO is initiated, pulmonary edema can be concurrently treated while the patient is being rewarmed. [14] Frostbite and other localized cold injuries[emedicine.medscape.com] When moving the patient, hold the tracheal tube, even when it is secured. Regularly check the tracheal tube position during transit to ensure that it has not dislodged.[resus.org.uk] […] head and brain and increase the intracranial pressure – do not over tighten the tie and consider using tape in patients where intracranial pressure may be raised (e.g. head injury[resus.org.uk]

  • Subcutaneous Emphysema

    Inflammation and edema from infection result in an impaired local blood supply, leading to vascular thrombosis in the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues.[doi.org] Some symptoms of subcutaneous emphysema are pursed-lipped breathing, central cyanosis and finger clubbing.[quittersguide.com] Liver cirrhosis, gastric-fundus variceal bleeding, tracheal injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spasmodic Croup

    The local vasoconstriction in the subglottic mucosa produced by epinephrine can generate rapid improvement in symptoms.[hosppeds.aappublications.org] (cyanosis) Sucking in of the chest, and rapid breathing Makes noisy, high-pitched breathing sounds (stridor) both when inhaling and exhaling Although only a small percentage[southerncross.co.nz] Signs of serious trouble include swallowing difficulty, nonstop drooling, bluish discoloration of the skin or lips (cyanosis), sucking in of the chest, and rapid breathing[rxlist.com]

  • Tracheomalacia

    […] nerve palsies, laryngeal edema and tracheomalacia.[ijaweb.org] Central cyanosis causes a bluish colour in the lips, tongue, and skin, especially the fingers and toes. Peripheral cyanosis is seen only in the fingers and toes.[birth-defect.org] Flaccidity of the trachea , due to injury or congenital defect, such that the tracheal passageway fails to stay open at its normal diameter, especially during inspiration[laryngopedia.com]

  • Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema

    […] leukomalacia  Localized interstitial emphysema  Recurrent respiratory tract infections  Subglottic stenosis from intubation  Becomes evident after increased pulmonary[learningradiology.com] Signs of emphysema include: tachypnea absence of cyanosis pursed-lip breathing, tripod position chest hyperinflation "barrel chest" reduced breath sounds hyper-resonant to[radiopaedia.org] The cause was thought to be a tracheal injury sustained at the time of tracheostomy insertion.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

    The absence of edema in other tissue on clinical examination and at autopsy suggests that the process is localized.[nejm.org] Physical examination showed nasal telangiectasias, cyanosis of the lips and nails, and a systolic bruit over the left lung.[worldwidescience.org] Regeneration of hamster tracheal epithelium after mechanical injury IV. Virchows Archiv 41:213-240. Kehrer, JP. 1993.[ilocis.org]

  • Breast Contusion

    The MR findings show diffuse muscle edema that does not localize to the myotendinous junction and can persist for weeks.[radiologyassistant.nl] . • Cardiovascular problems: Cyanosis where there is blue color on fingertips, lips or fingernails from poor circulation of oxygen in the body. • Shock, where there is low[sportsmed2020.com] […] to the subclavian artery or superior vena cava Tracheal or laryngeal tears Diaphragmatic rupture The incidence of sternal fractures is actually higher in seat-belt users[emedicine.medscape.com]