The following symptomatology is evident in acute or chronic phase of Kwashiorkor: General appearance: Kwashiorkor patients show apathy and lethargy as acute signs. They may appear with signs of easy irritability which are all attributed to low energy levels due to lack of protein. They are generally thin with…
Multiple sclerosis (MS, disseminated sclerosis, encephalomyelitis disseminata) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis is divided into the following categories: Relapsing-remitting MS, Secondary progressive MS, Primary progressive MS and Progressive-relapsing MS.
Cystic fibrosis (mucoviscidosis) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of the exocrine glands. It is characterized by the production of abnormally viscous mucus by the affected glands. Cystic fibrosis is usually recognized in infancy or early childhood.
The clinical manifestations of cystic fibrosis are typically…
Liver failure is a condition in which the liver fails to perform its normal function. It may be acute or chronic.
Some of the early symptoms of liver failure are also common with other ailments. This is why early diagnosis of liver failure is hard. Some of these early symptoms include diarrhea, fatigue, loss of appetite…
Viral hepatitis is an inflammatory liver condition that most commonly arises from hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV). The prevalence of these viruses varies geographically.
The clinical picture of acute viral hepatitis is variable…
The clinical term “Pancreatitis” refers to the acute and chronic inflammation of the pancreatic gland as a result of its enzymatic autodigestion. Pancreatitis is one of the leading cause of gastrointestinal mortality and morbidity among hospitalized patients.
Patients suffering from acute or chronic pancreatitis may…
Postcholecystectomy syndrome refers to persistence or development of symptoms after cholecystectomy. Both biliary and nonbiliary causes that disrupt normal bile flow may be responsible, and clinical presentation most commonly involves dyspepsia and abdominal pain. Additional symptoms include jaundice, fever and…
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a type of malignancy affecting the pancreas. It is one of the cancers with the poorest prognosis, due to the fact that it is usually diagnosed at a late stage. The main symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, abdominal pain, and jaundice.
A considerable number of patients diagnosed with…