Infectious mononucleosis is a common viral infection known to cause pharyngitis and fever. It is primarily an infection of teenagers and young adults caused by the Epstein Barr virus.
The majority of patients with infectious mononucleosis have mild symptoms. However a few will complain of the following features: Once…
Myxedema or severe hypothyroidism is clinical condition where the thyroid gland does not produce any thyroid hormone. In some cases, myxedema condition is also being referred to as underactive thyroid. Myxedema typically present with a distinct facial appearance, hoarse slow speech, and dryness of the skin.
Measles, also known as rubeola, is one of the most contagious infectious diseases. It is a viral infection commonly affecting the pediatric population. The disease can be prevented by receiving vaccination against it.
Preliminary signs and symptoms of measles begin to show effect after the 8 – 12 days of exposure to…
Bordetella pertussis is a Gram-negative, aerobic, pathogenic, encapsulated coccobacillus of the genus Bordetella, and the causative agent of pertussis or whooping cough. Unlike B. bronchiseptica, B. pertussis is not motile. Its virulence factors include pertussis toxin, filamentous hæmagglutinin, pertactin, fimbria, and…
The physician should also be alert for signs of diabetesmellitus and renal impairment. … Metabolic abnormalities comprise diabetesmellitus, impaired glucose tolerance, hypertriglyceridemia, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
Graves' disease is also commonly associated with non-thyroid conditions including diabetesmellitus type 1, myasthenia gravis, pernicious anemia, systemic lupus erythematosus … Those with other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to be affected.
Varicella is a highly contagious, viral disease, caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus. Manifestations include a characteristic rash, fever, malaise and headache.
The initial prodromal phase of varicella consists of malaise and low grade fever. Fever is rarely above 102 F. The characteristic feature of…