This is a nonspecific disease of the kidney characterized by proteinuria, edema and hypoalbuminemia. It results from increased permeability of the glomerulus leading to massive loss of protein in the urine.
The commonest presenting features are those due to fluid retention. Facial edema is usually the first sign of…
Systemic The patient may initially complain of abdominal pain, diarrhea or dysentery and fever. Blood tests may reveal eosinophilia. He may also complain of fatigue, lethargy and skin sores and itching. CNS Neurological involvement may present with headaches, nausea, paresthesia, seizures, signs of muscle weakness and…
T-cell lymphoma refers to the cancer affecting the lymphatic system, one of the most important part of the immune system. Most of these are very aggressive cancers with poor prognosis.
Clinical manifestation of T-cell lymphoma depends on the type of lymphoma and the organs involved. Most of the T-cell lymphomas…
Hodgkin disease (Hodgkin lymphoma) is a type of lymphoma, that is marked by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. The 4 subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma are: Nodular sclerosis Hodgkin disease, Mixed cellularity Hodgkin disease, Lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin disease and Lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin disease.
A bee sting may cause mild symptoms in most cases, but is rarely associated with anaphylaxis.
The signs and symptoms can range from mild and moderate to severe. Local features include pain, bleeding and discharge from the sting site along with redness and elevated temperature. Allergic findings include red rash,…
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, also called mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, is an uncommon cause of glomerular injury with characteristic light microscopic changes.
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is primarily, though not exclusively, a disease of children. The age range is known to extend…
End-stage renal disease is the most feared complication of lipoidnephrosis. … Lipoidnephrosis, frequently termed minimal change disease (MCD), is by far the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in children. … nephrosis.