Chronic kidney disease (chronic kidney failure) is a gradual, progressive loss in renal function.
Listeriosis is an infection, caused by a bacterium known as Listeria monocytogenes. […] Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterium responsible for the infection known as listeriosis. […] Paradoxically, 700 individuals were found to have listeriosis in the USA in the year 2004.
The average age of CLL patients is more than 70 years and it should be noted that a complex clinical picture occurs in more than half of the cases due to coexisting diseases. The CLL itself leads to unspecific symptoms such as general malaise and weakness, possibly also to fever, night sweats and weight loss. In…
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder of multiple etiology, characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There are four main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2…
Sarcoidosis (Besnier-Boeck disease, Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease) is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation, predominantly in the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes. The presentation of the disease is highly dependent on the extent of…
Hodgkin disease (Hodgkin lymphoma) is a type of lymphoma, that is marked by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. The 4 subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma are: Nodular sclerosis Hodgkin disease, Mixed cellularity Hodgkin disease, Lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin disease and Lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin disease. Hodgkin’s disease…
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease. It may affect many tissues and organs and any joint lined by a synovial membrane may be involved. The active disease presents itself as fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle and joint pain and stiffness. The muscle pain is more prominent in the mornings…
Multiple myeloma is a neoplastic disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. 93% of patients will have more than one pathological fracture and/or bone lesion. 70% of patients will have bone pain. Bleeding can occur because of thrombocytopenia and even more rarely from…