111 Possible Causes for Lithium in USA

  • Lithium Toxicity

    Definition: Lithium toxicity is defined as ingestion of over 1.2mEq/L of lithium. … The sample should be sent in lithium free tubes as false elevated levels of lithium have been reported in the past due to collection of sample in tubes containing lithium. … Lithium toxicity can be acute or chronic in nature.[1]

  • Postpartum Psychosis

    Women with past postpartum psychosis may also benefit from immediate treatment of lithium postdelivery. … Patients with known cyclic mood illness or with family history of bipolar disorder may benefit from lithium. … Lithium and antipsychotic medications are considered the treatment of choice in the management of postpartum psychosis.[2] [3]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    Lithium in the cells primarily targets and inhibits glycogen synthase kinase 3, so this inhibition mediates the toxic effects of lithium use. … Lithium, for example, causes NDI in a dose-dependent pattern, therefore, the lowest therapeutic dose of lithium is prescribed to prevent it. … Lithium is the most common drug which causes the disease.[4] [5]

  • Lithium
    Lithium Toxicity

    Dilithium List of countries by lithium production Lithium as an investment Lithium compounds Lithium (medication) Lithium soap Lithium-ion battery Lithium–air battery Lithium … aluminium production, lithium batteries, and lithium-ion batteries. … In moist air, lithium rapidly tarnishes to form a black coating of lithium hydroxide (LiOH and LiOH·H2O), lithium nitride (Li3N) and lithium carbonate (Li2CO3, the result … [6]

  • Hypnic Headache

    Lithium carbonate 200–600 mg at bedtime is an effective treatment for most patients but for those that can not tolerate Lithium, Verapamil, indomethacin or methylsergilide … [7]

  • Canavan Disease

    There is also an experimental treatment using lithium citrate. … When tested on a human, the subject's condition reversed during a two-week wash-out period after withdrawal of lithium. … This evidence suggests that a larger controlled trial of lithium may be warranted as supportive therapy for children with Canavan disease.[8]

  • Chlorprothixene

    In order to avoid lithium intoxication, lithium plasma levels should be monitored closely. … Chlorprothixene may increase the plasma-level of concomitantly given lithium.[9]

  • Indomethacin

    Thus indometacin users have an elevated risk of lithium toxicity. … Many NSAIDs, but particularly indometacin, cause lithium retention by reducing its excretion by the kidneys. … salts (such as lithium carbonate) In general, adverse effects seen with indometacin are similar to all other NSAIDs.[10]

  • Mania

    The preferred and most popular mood stabilizer is lithium. … Lithium is the classic mood stabilizer to prevent further manic and depressive episodes. … A systematic review found that long term lithium treatment substantially reduces the risk of bipolar manic relapse, by 42%.[11] [12]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    The predisposing factors which may lead to the formation of Ebstein Malformation in the heart are ingestion of lithium carbonate and benzodiazepine in the first trimester … The cause is congenital malformation but the disease has higher risk in fetuses where the mother may have consumed lithium or exposed to any varnishing agent during the pregnancy … [13]

Further symptoms


  1. Lithium Toxicity, Symptoma
  2. Postpartum Psychosis, Symptoma
  3. Postpartum psychosis, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  4. Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus, Symptoma
  5. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  6. Lithium, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  7. Hypnic headache, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  8. Canavan disease, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  9. Chlorprothixene, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  10. Indometacin, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  11. Mania, Symptoma
  12. Mania, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  13. Ebstein Malformation, Symptoma