83 Possible Causes for Livedo Reticularis in USA

  • Hemoglobinopathy

    Definition Idiopathic or primary livedo reticularis refers to a netlike pattern of reddish-blue skin discoloration. … Alternative Names Livedo reticularis; Primary livedo reticularis Treatment The cause of primary or idiopathic livedo reticularis is not known, therefore specific treatment … Livedo reticularis.[1]

  • Livedo Reticularis

    Development of rash mainly on the lower extremities is the major symptom of livedo reticularis. … Skin biopsy confirms the condition of livedo reticularis. … Livedo reticularis occurs due to spasms in the blood vessels.[2]

  • Amantadine
    Livedo Reticularis

    dose is reduced), nausea, dizziness, insomnia, heart failure, anxiety, irritability, hallucinations, confusion, anorexia, anticholinergic effects, constipation, ataxia, livedoreticularis, peripheral edema, orthostatic hypotension, headache, somnolence, dream abnormality, diarrhea, fatigue. … dose is reduced), nausea, dizziness, insomnia, heart failure, anxiety, irritability, hallucinations, confusion, anorexia, anticholinergic effects, constipation, ataxia, livedo[3]

  • Cutaneous Vasculitis

    Cutaneous lesions may vary from purpura, macules, papules, urticarial, vesicles, ulcers, livedo reticularis to necrosis. … On examination were areas of reticular erythema surrounding a pale central area consistent with livedo reticularis on his upper extremities. … After becoming compliant with a balanced diet, these lesions disappeared though the livedo reticularis persisted.[4]

  • Cryptogenic Cirrhosis

    According to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, three of the following 10 must be met in order have a diagnosis of PAN: [1] (1) Weight loss 4.5 kg, (2) livedo … Our patient fulfilled five criteria for the diagnosis of systemic PAN: Myalgias, nerve disease, biopsy showing arteritis, livedo reticularis and weight loss. … Cutaneous and systemic PAN (when presenting on the skin) usually appear first as livedo reticularis, tender subcutaneous nodules, or cutaneous ulcerations. [2] Other cutaneous[5]

  • Polyarteritis Nodosa
    Livedo Reticularis

    Palpable purpura and livedo reticularis can occur in some patients. … as the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, when a radiographic or pathological diagnosis of vasculitis is made: Weight loss greater than/equal to 4.5 kg Livedoreticularis (a mottled purplish skin discoloration over the extremities or torso) Testicular pain or tenderness (occasionally, a site biopsied for diagnosis) Muscle pain,[6]

  • Urticarial Vasculitis

    Urticarial lesions were typically erythematous papules, more pruritic than painful, associated with angioedema (51%), purpura (35%) and/or livedo reticularis (14%). … Patients with anti-C1q antibodies had more frequent systemic HUV, angioedema, livedo reticularis, ocular, musculoskeletal and/or kidney involvement(s), and less frequent pulmonary … Other skin findings include splinter hemorrhages, nodules, livedo reticularis, and palmar erythema.[7] [8]

  • Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus

    Patients with ACLE also had a higher frequency of livedo reticularis (P 0.001), mucous membrane ulcers (P 0.001), vasculitis (P 0.001), arthralgias (P 0.001), arthritis (P … Such lesions include Raynaud’s phenomenon , livedo reticularis, periungual telangiectasias and leukocytoclastic vasculitis . … They also had a higher prevalence of oral ulcers, livedo reticularis, vasculitis , serositis and nephropathy than patients with SCLE.[9]

  • Vasculitis

    Livedo reticularis, nodules, and deep ulcers are usually caused by vasculitis of deeper, medium or large vessels. … Symptoms and Signs Patients may present with skin symptoms such as lesions, including palpable purpura, petechiae, urticaria, ulcers, livedo reticularis, and nodules. … Manifestations can include palpable purpura, petechiae, urticaria, ulcers, livedo reticularis, and nodules.[10]

  • Cholesterol Embolism
    Livedo Reticularis

    Most commonly this causes skin symptoms (usually livedo reticularis), gangrene of the extremities and sometimes renal failure; problems with other organs may arise, depending … discoloration of the toes, small infarcts and areas of gangrene due to tissue death that usually appear black, and areas of the skin that assume a marbled pattern known as livedoreticularis.[11]

Similar symptoms


  1. Idiopathic livedo reticularis | Health Information Resource Center | Health Information, http://www.aspirus.org/Main/Health-Information/…
  2. Livedo Reticularis, https://www.symptoma.com/en/info/livedo-reticularis
  3. Amantadine HCl Tablets (Amantadine) dosage, indication, interactions, side effects, http://www.empr.com/amantadine-hcl-tablets/drug…
  4. Internet Scientific Publications, http://ispub.com/IJD/9/1/14252
  5. Necrotic plaque on the calf and thigh of a woman with cryptogenic cirrhosis Adelzadeh L, Kerstetter J, Worswick S, http://www.e-ijd.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5154…
  6. Polyarteritis nodosa, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyarteritis_nodosa
  7. Bobby Buka MD | Vasculitis, http://www.bobbybukamd.com/special-interest-top…
  8. Clinical-Biological Spectrum and Therapeutic Management of Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis: Data from a French Nationwide Study on 57 Patients, http://acrabstracts.org/abstract/clinical-biolo…
  9. Comparative Analysis of Acute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus with Subacute and Chronic Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical and Immunological Study of 308 Patients, http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/comparative-…
  10. Cutaneous Vasculitis - Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders, https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/muscu…
  11. Cholesterol embolism, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholesterol_embolism