Mild cases of alcoholic hepatitis usually are asymptomatic. As the disease progresses, the damage to the liver increases and the following signs and symptoms are evident: Weight loss Appetite changes Nausea accompanied by vomiting Inflammation along with pain Undue fatigue Jaundice Fever Confusion Excessive feeling…
Hepatitis B is a form of viral hepatitis, caused by the hepatitis B virus, a member of the Hepadnavirus family. It is estimated that worldwide, more than 350 million people have chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The course of the disease may be extremely variable, depending on the patient’s age and immune status.…
In many cases, symptoms may appear after 12 hours of overdose. Signs and symptoms of acetaminophen overdose include the following: Pain in the abdomen Loss of appetite Nausea accompanied by vomiting Sweating Irritability Diarrhea Convulsions Jaundice Confusion Blurred vision Changes in skin color Persistent…
Yellow fever is an acute arbovirus infection. It is transmitted by the bite of the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) and other species.
Yellow fever has an incubation period of five to six days. In the initial phase that lasts for three to four days, there is mild fever with rigors and chills and yellowing of the…
Weil's disease is a severe and potentially life-threatening zoonotic infection caused by Leptospira, a spirochetal bacterial pathogen. Fever, constitutional symptoms, gastrointestinal irritation and muscle ache progressing to hepatorenal failure, pulmonary dysfunction, and involvement of other organs is the typical…
Aflatoxicosis is the poisoning that occurs following the consumption of foods that are contaminated with aflatoxins. The food substances that form an integral part of the diet in the developing nations are mainly contaminated by the Aspergillus fungi.
Aflatoxicosis is quite rare in the developed world. This disease…
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is caused by an insufficiency of hepatic fructose-1-phosphate aldolase activity. It is an autosomal recessive disease. The disruption of fructose metabolism results in both gastrointestinal problems and hypoglycemia upon fructose consumption. The disease can have severe or even…