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10 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Moderate Hypoxemia, Tracheal Injury

  • Chest Trauma

    In a few cases of acute MR, pulmonary edema localized in the right upper lobe has been reported.[circ.ahajournals.org] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mild to moderate forms of pulmonary contusion may not require intubation, and hypoxemia can be adequately treated with oxygen and mask continuous positive airway pressure[mhmedical.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org] Parker Localized unilateral pulmonary edema: an unusual presensation of left heart failure Chest., 60 (1973), pp. 277 [11.] N. Alwall, A. Lunderquist, O.[archbronconeumol.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] […] with moderate hypoxemia ( I 2 42%).[doi.org] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org]

  • ARDS Clinical

    One of non-DAD cases was lung edema due to acute endocarditis and the other was aspergillosis with CMV pneumonia.[erj.ersjournals.com] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] The classification of ARDS into three increasing stages of severity—mild, moderate, and severe—according to the level of hypoxemia, significantly reflected an increased mortality[atm.amegroups.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[mcgill.ca] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] CONCLUSIONS: The majority of respondents reported targeting moderate to deep sedation following cannulation, with the use of sedative and opioid infusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spasmodic Croup

    The local vasoconstriction in the subglottic mucosa produced by epinephrine can generate rapid improvement in symptoms.[hosppeds.aappublications.org] […] chest wall retraction Marked chest wall retraction Oxygen No oxygen requirement No oxygen requirement Hypoxemia is a late sign of significant upper airways obstruction *[rch.org.au] The mucosal injury that occurs because of the mechanical manipulation of the tracheal mucosa by the artificial airway renders these patients more susceptible to bacterial[hosppeds.aappublications.org]

  • Ventilation Pneumonitis

    ARDS, CHF, and Pneumonia Distinguishing factor ARDS CHF Pneumonia Symptoms Dyspnea Hypoxia Tachypnea Pleuritic chest pain /– – Sputum production /– – Signs Rales Fever /– – Edema[aafp.org] injury has been suggested, studies do not provide any evidence that this is a significant risk Cost : ETT with subglottic suction port costs approximately 15 (vs 1-2 for[mdnxs.com] Echocardiography revealed moderate amount of pericardial effusion with normal left ventricular ejection fraction.[lungindia.com]

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

    The absence of edema in other tissue on clinical examination and at autopsy suggests that the process is localized.[nejm.org] Regeneration of hamster tracheal epithelium after mechanical injury IV. Virchows Archiv 41:213-240. Kehrer, JP. 1993.[ilocis.org] In patients with overlap, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and pulmonary hypertension can be observed in the presence of mild to moderate bronchial obstruction, which is different[worldwidescience.org]

  • Inhalation Burn

    […] surfactant function [ 15 ], pulmonary edema and impaired gas exchange [ 16 ], and eventually pulmonary fibrosis [ 17 ].[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com] Emergent tracheal intubation is used to prevent respiratory failure.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] On ICU day 2, this patient developed moderate ARDS based on the onset, severity of hypoxemia, and radiographic result (Berlin definition for ARDS).[ispub.com]

  • Acute Lung Injury

    ALI is caused by any stimulus of local or systemic inflammation, principally sepsis.[conferenceseries.com] The earliest definition of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) included all patients who developed acute respiratory distress, moderate to severe hypoxemia, rapid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During two courses of planned tracheal extubation, the patient developed an acute lung injury, making a reintubation necessary.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]