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14 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Orthopnea, Tracheal Injury

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[] […] are often noted during normal pregnancies, the potential for PPCMP should be considered if these symptoms are excessive and/or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea[]

  • Chest Trauma

    In a few cases of acute MR, pulmonary edema localized in the right upper lobe has been reported.[] Tracheal injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening condition. If diagnosed and treated early, the outcome is excellent.[] Obliged orthopnea was an independent predictor of ICU admission among patients incurring non-life-threatening blunt chest wall trauma.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[] However, mechanical ventilation can lead to lung injury by different mechanisms, with subsequent diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, and local production of inflammatory[]

  • Tracheal Edema

    Free Correspondence June 2007 Treatment of Supraglottic Airway Edema by Local Hyaluronidase Author Affiliations & Notes Keshavan H.[] If this is present look for subtle laryngeal and tracheal injury.[] Subsequently she developed rapidly progressing shortness of breath and orthopnea.[]

  • Tracheal Calcification

    A repeat laryngoscopy revealed diffuse boggy edema with obstruction of the subglottic airway, for which laryngeal dilation and local soft-tissue steroid injection were performed[] ; Repair of Tracheobronchial Injuries; Tracheomalacia; Surgery of Benign Stenosis; Laryngo-tracheal Resection and Reconstruction; Treatment Approaches to Primary Tracheal[] A 64-year-old woman was admitted for dyspnea at rest and orthopnea.[]

  • Tracheomalacia

    […] nerve palsies, laryngeal edema and tracheomalacia.[] Flaccidity of the trachea , due to injury or congenital defect, such that the tracheal passageway fails to stay open at its normal diameter, especially during inspiration[] A 60-pack-year smoker presented with cough, dyspnea and orthopnea of three months' duration.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Failure

    .- Pulmonary embolus, R to L shunt, Shock Diffusely white (opacified) CXR with hypoxemia and normocapnia - ARDS, NCPE, CHF, pulmonary fibrosis Localized infiltrate - pneumonia[] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[] Orthopnea is frequently associated with all causes of ARF, and is neither a sensible nor specific predictor of CHF [ 3 ].[]

  • Pulmonary Cavitary Tuberculosis

    edema and haemorrhage.[] […] involving larynx, trachea or bronchi. [3] It may also occur following chest tube insertion, tracheal intubation and upper gastrointestinal tract instrumentation.[] There was no history of orthopnea or Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea.[]

  • Ludwig's Angina

    […] patients intravenous dexamethasone and nebulized adrenaline have been used to reduce upper airway edema to defer or avoid airway instrumentation altogether.[] A guided intubation is used because blind intubations may lead to injury of the nasal, oral and tracheal mucosa.[] Warning signs that warrant early airway intervention include increased work of breathing such as marked tachypnea with shallow respiration, use of accessory muscles, dyspnea, orthopnea[]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    In special cases where ECMO is initiated, pulmonary edema can be concurrently treated while the patient is being rewarmed. [14] Frostbite and other localized cold injuries[] When moving the patient, hold the tracheal tube, even when it is secured. Regularly check the tracheal tube position during transit to ensure that it has not dislodged.[] […] with heart failure may experience weakness, fatigue, poor exercise tolerance, unusual dyspnea (shortness of breath) when exercising or when lying down (a symptom called orthopnea[]