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14 Possible Causes for Localized Edema, Patient Appears Acutely Ill, Tracheal Injury

  • Angioedema

    A general term for a vascular reaction of the deep dermis, subcutaneous or submucosal tissues, which corresponds to localized edema 2º to vasodilation and capillary permeability[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The patient with a gun-shot wound to the jaw, the tracheal crush injury, the diabetic with Ludwig’s, and the case of severe angioedema all occur regularly in the airway nightmares[epmonthly.com] (NICHD) Definition (MSH) Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    According to the etiology, edema may be localized (in inflammation or in impaired venous drainage) or systemic (in right heart failure or in nephrotic syndrome).[pathologyatlas.ro] However, invasive ventilation increases the risk for complications including nosocomial infections (pneumonia, sinusitis) and tracheal injury ( Gay 2009 ; Keenan 1997 ).[doi.org] Parker Localized unilateral pulmonary edema: an unusual presensation of left heart failure Chest., 60 (1973), pp. 277 [11.] N. Alwall, A. Lunderquist, O.[archbronconeumol.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    If you have trouble breathing, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the emergency room.[nlm.nih.gov] , pneumothorax (by placing pulmonary artery catheter), tracheal injury/stenosis (result of intubation and/or irritation by endotracheal tube Nutritional: malnutrition (catabolic[en.wikipedia.org] However, mechanical ventilation can lead to lung injury by different mechanisms, with subsequent diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, and local production of inflammatory[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com]

  • Pittsburgh Pneumonia

    ) detected by the managing physician on physical examination and documented in the medical record, and a chest x-ray read by the local radiologist as showing pulmonary edema[ahajournals.org] Long-term mortality appears to be associated with intrinsic characteristics of the patient, which are largely not modifiable by medical care.[academic.oup.com] Cardiolipin, elevated in pneumonia causes lung injury . Quantification of cardiolipin in subjects with pneumonia. A .[dom.pitt.edu]

  • Pulmonary Contusion

    A small and localized injury to the lung leads to generalized edema in surrounding lung and even in the opposite lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tracheal Injury—Injured Windpipe The first step in address blunt tracheal injuries is to assess and stabilize the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation.[noonanlawma.com] Tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation may be necessary if there is difficulty in oxygenation or ventilation.[trauma.org]

  • Ludwig's Angina

    […] patients intravenous dexamethasone and nebulized adrenaline have been used to reduce upper airway edema to defer or avoid airway instrumentation altogether.[srmjrds.in] A guided intubation is used because blind intubations may lead to injury of the nasal, oral and tracheal mucosa.[ehealthwall.com] Drooling, trismus, dysphagia, stridor caused by laryngeal edema, and elevation of the posterior tongue against the palate may be present.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Inhalation of Noxious Gases

    Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com] […] or ability to speak, remembering that signs and symptoms of upper airway injury may include hoarseness, throat pain and possibly painful swallowing.[emsworld.com]

  • Pseudomonas Pneumonia

    […] tenderness and a decreased range of motion; neurologic deficits Eye infections: Lid edema, conjunctival erythema and chemosis, and severe mucopurulent discharge Malignant[emedicine.medscape.com] Tissue injury may also play a role in colonization of the respiratory tract, since P. aeruginosa will adhere to tracheal epithelial cells of mice infected with influenza virus[textbookofbacteriology.net] […] otitis externa: Erythematous, swollen, and inflamed external auditory canal; local lymphadenopathy Bacteremia: Fever, tachypnea, and tachycardia; hypotension and shock; jaundice[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia and congestion without mast cell degranulation 5.[ispub.com] Alternative treatments with pentoxifylline, steroids, NSAIDs and intra-tracheally administered N-acetylcysteine have been shown to mitigate lung injury in some animal models[clinicaladvisor.com] Irritation of the airway mucosa leads to local edema secondary to active arterial and capillary hyperemia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Inhalation Burn

    […] surfactant function [ 15 ], pulmonary edema and impaired gas exchange [ 16 ], and eventually pulmonary fibrosis [ 17 ].[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com] Emergent tracheal intubation is used to prevent respiratory failure.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Inflate the tube cuff to minimal levels, even allowing a small leak, in order to prevent iatrogenic tracheal damage in patients with an already compromised tracheal mucosa[emedicine.medscape.com]